Geography interactive map integrated to spatial element in assessing student cognitive levels / Nurul Syazwani Syafiqah Mohamad Zubir

Mohamad Zubir, Nurul Syazwani Syafiqah (2020) Geography interactive map integrated to spatial element in assessing student cognitive levels / Nurul Syazwani Syafiqah Mohamad Zubir. Degree thesis, Universiti Teknologi Mara Perlis.

Abstract

The presentation of maps in geography syllabus is lacking the spatial thinking elements, which encourage students to visualise and able to critically thinking that can stimulate higher-order thinking skills (HOTS). This study aims to propose an interactive map and assess the student’s cognitive level, which integrates spatial elements. The objectives of this study are to i) investigate spatial elements that can be integrated into current geography syllabus, ii) propose interactive map by combining the selected spatial element into current geography map presentation iii) evaluate the student connective levels through the suggested interactive map. The chosen study area for this research is in SMK Arau, Arau, Perlis. Observation in geography class and a discussion with geography teacher need be undertaken to investigate current geography syllabus can be integrated to the spatial thinking and to integrate the spatial thinking skills in the study domain of geography standard in the existing curriculum domain. Based on the selection of spatial elements the proposed map is created involve cartography elements. Five maps produced in this research, the interactive map with spatial thinking elements. The maps produced by using ArcGIS software to help the student to stimulate their HOTS and improve their spatial thinking ability based on the investigation in the current geography syllabus. The results show that a good percentage of students anwers the question correctly by referring to the proposed maps, based on all four cognitive levels which are knowledge, comprehension, application and analysis. Students can gain numerous advantages from mastering the skills of spatial thinking, such as better control of their own learning. The proposed interactive graphic maps can be applied by teachers to increase student’s cognitive levels.

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