The effect of copper on hot shortness of low carbon aluminium killed steel in thin slab casting / Sabrudin Mohamad Suren

Mohamad Suren, Sabrudin (2009) The effect of copper on hot shortness of low carbon aluminium killed steel in thin slab casting / Sabrudin Mohamad Suren. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.


The surface hot shortness phenomenon causes cracks with high degree of difficulty to be eliminated during subsequent processing resulting surface defects especially in hot rolled coils and customer end products. In commercial practice the phenomenon contributes to customers dissatisfaction, product downgrading and coil rejections. The phenomenon is lead by the presence of copper which tends to be enriched at steel/scale interface by preferential oxidation of iron (Fe) causing liquid embrittlement at steel surface grain boundaries during hot working. The knowledge of Material Science Engineering on hot shortness dealing with the problems of surface cracking such as metal oxidation, diffusion and occlusion at high temperature deformation is the key factor of establishing a formula to solve the issue. The aim of this research is to investigate the effect of copper presence in thin slab casting in relation to casting speed through understanding of the mechanism of surface hot shortness and hot ductility. The objectives of the research are; to verify the oxidation behaviour and influence of grain size related to hot shortness , to characterize the surface cracks severity of the bend steel materials and the coil coarse edge severity index , and lastly to find the limits of copper contents in relation to casting speed. The limits of copper contents is influenced by the reduction percentage of final material thickness , the reduction of other crack inducing elements such as tin (Sn) and antinomy (As) and the addition of nickel (Ni) into copper (Cu) bearing steel. A specific case study with laboratory testing procedure using cold bending machine was conducted where cut samples of different copper contents taken from the hot rolled coils are bent to 180 degrees angle. The samples are grouped as steel model Group a with copper contents less than 0.10%Cu, Group B with 0.11%Cu to 0.12%Cu, Group C with 0.13%Cu to 0.14%Cu and Group D with 0.15%Cu to 0.18%Cu. Visible cracks are observed from the outer apex layers of the bend samples using the optical image analyzer and scanning electron microscope (SEM). In the laboratory testing, it is found that the degree of severity of the surface cracks of the bend samples varied with the amount of copper contents in the steel.


Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
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Mohamad Suren, Sabrudin
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > Heat engines
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Keywords: Effect, Copper, Reduction
Date: 2009
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