Synthesis and characterization of polyaniline / sodium sulfosuccinate in ammonia detection / Roslinda Mustapa

Mustapa, Roslinda (2017) Synthesis and characterization of polyaniline / sodium sulfosuccinate in ammonia detection / Roslinda Mustapa. [Student Project] (Unpublished)


Polyaniline (PAni) is one of a conducting polymer. PAni can be used to detect ammonia by using Emeraldine salt (ES) (the conducting form) of PAni. PAni is interesting polymer due to inexpensive, promising high conductivity, environmentally and easy to synthesis. These benefits of P Ani were seriously masked by the disadvantages of PAni such as low solubility, low infusibility and lead to low
processability. To overcome these problems the PAni was doped with sodium sulfosuccinate (AOT). In this study, the PAni was synthesized by using in-situ polymerization at O °C for 24 hours. The oxidizing agent used in this synthesis was potassium peroxydisulfate (KPS). The P Ani was characterized by using UltravioletVisible spectroscopy (UV-Vis), Fourier Transfer Infrared (FTIR), conductivity study
and Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FESEM). The UV-Vis showed the entire absorption peak that attributed to ES of PAni such as ~360 nm, ~420 nm
shoulder peak and ~790 nm. The FTIR confirmed the structure of PAni/AOT by showing the spectra of quinoid and benzoid at 1550 cm-1 and 1455 cm-1 respectively.
The conductivity study was analyzed by using multimeter. The conductivity of P Ani obtained was 1.8 x 10-6 Scm-1• The morphology of PAni obtained from FESEM indicated the nanoparticle in the range size 30 - 50 nm. Sensor Measurement was study by using Laboratory gas chamber and UV-Vis with exposure of ammonia concentration from 20 ppm - 100 ppm. The Sensor Performance was study in term of reusability, long-term stability, selectivity and limit of detection. The reusability of sensor is up to five cycles. The long-term stability was up to three days. Sensor of
P Ani showed high interest towards an ammonia.


Item Type: Student Project
Email / ID Num.
Mustapa, Roslinda
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Polymers and polymer manufacture
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Negeri Sembilan > Kuala Pilah Campus > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Programme: Bachelor of Sciences (Hons.) Chemistry
Keywords: Polyaniline, sodium sulfosuccinate, ammonia detection, UiTM Negeri Sembilan
Date: 2017
Edit Item
Edit Item


[thumbnail of PPb_ROSLINDA MUSTAPA AS N 17_5.pdf] Text

Download (157kB)

Digital Copy

Digital (fulltext) is available at:

Physical Copy

Physical status and holdings:
Item Status:

ID Number




Statistic details