Development of carbon nanotubes derived from palm oil as electrode materials for lithium ion battery / Tunku Ishak Al-Irsyad Tunku Kudin

Tunku Kudin, Tunku Ishak Al-Irsyad (2009) Development of carbon nanotubes derived from palm oil as electrode materials for lithium ion battery / Tunku Ishak Al-Irsyad Tunku Kudin. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM).


The emergence of nanoscience and nanotechnology has been reckoned as the driving force to the development of alternative materials fof energy storage application. The constant demand for high energy density, lighter, thinner lithium-ion battery has motivated research into new battery materials. Carbon nanotubes are arrangements of carbon atoms in the form of thin, hollow tubes. Their physical and chemical properties have attracted much interest in recent years. In this present study, the main focus has been devoted to synthesizing carbon nanotubes (CNTs) via spray pyrolysis method. Natural palm oils has been used as carbon feedstock for this study. Several types of transition metals catalyst namely nickel (Ni), cobalt (Co), iron (Fe) has been used for synthesized of CNTs. Combination of bimetallic Ni/Co, Ni/Fe and Ni/Fe/Mn also has been studied as catalyst sources. The synthesis temperature has been optimized between 700 °C and 900 °C. FE-SEM and HR-TEM study has been carried out to verify the properties of as-obtained black powder from the synthesis process at different parameters. The images showed that the powder obtained were multi-walled carbon nanotubes. The diameter of as-prepared multi-walled carbon nanotubes ranging from 10 nm to 50 nm. XRD study also has been carried out to determine the phase presence in the materials. Results reveal that the crystalline nature of carbon nanotubes greatly affected by the different catalyst used and temperature control as well. In the second part of this study, systematic investigation of carbon nanotubes as anode materials for lithium batteries has been performed. Electrochemical charge-discharge studies of these MWCNTs electrodes had a reversible lithium storage capacity of 100 - 400 mAh/g. It has been observed that the crystallinity of MWCNTs have a direct influence on the specific capacity of these MWCNTs electrodes. The kinetics of Li-ion insertion in carbon nanotube electrodes also were characterized by cyclic voltametry measurements. Cyclic voltammetry measurement of MWCNTs electrodes synthesized from palm oils showed that this material exhibits reversible properties demonstrated by the presence of a pair of redox peaks, corresponding to lithium insertion and extraction in the MWCNTs structure.


Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Email / ID Num.
Tunku Kudin, Tunku Ishak Al-Irsyad
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Yahya, Muhd Zu Azhan
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics > Atomic physics. Constitution and properties of matter > Nanostructures
Q Science > QC Physics > Nuclear and particle physics. Atomic energy. Radioactivity > Elementary particle physics
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Programme: Master of Science
Keywords: Nanotubes, electrode, lithium
Date: 2009
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