Structural, thermal, and mechanical properties of PMMA/Ti02 nanocomposites / Nik Noor Hafizah Nik Mohammad

Nik Mohammad, Nik Noor Hafizah (2014) Structural, thermal, and mechanical properties of PMMA/Ti02 nanocomposites / Nik Noor Hafizah Nik Mohammad. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam.


Polymer nanocomposite is a new choice to conventionally filled polymers. Because of the nanometer sizes of filler, filler dispersion in this nanocomposite demonstrates markedly enhanced properties compared to pure polymers include an increased in their modulus and strength, thermal and mechanical properties. In this study, there are two stages involve in preparation the PMMA/ TiO2 nanocomposites. First is the synthesis of TiO2 nanopowder using sol gel and milling method. The structural properties of TiO2 synthesized at 0.4 molar precursor concentration with the 6 hour milling time and 4 grams milling amount of TiO2 in the milling process were measured using Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FE-SEM), X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Raman Spectroscopy, Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDS) and FTIR. TiO2 produced were confirmed with XRD and Raman Spectroscopy with an anatase structure produced with only anatase phase was observed. Furthermore, EDS results shows that the element of titanium and oxygen detected in the sample and FTIR analysis also shows the bonding of Ti-O-Ti was observed from the sample. In the second stage, an optimized TiO2 nanopowder were mixed with PMMA to produce PMMA/ TiO2 nanocomposites. This polymer nanocomposites was prepared by mixing TiO2 nanofiller into polymer PMMA matrix using sonication and solution casting technique. The structural, thermal and mechanical properties of PMMA/ TiO2 nanocomposites were investigated. The structural properties of PMMA/ TiO2 nanocomposites showing an increase of TiO2 amount in PMMA produce an increase many cracks on the sample surface observed by FESEM. Meanwhile, for the thermal properties, Tg increase when TiO2 filler is added into PMMA. The thermal degradation of the nanocomposite also increases when amount of TiO2 increased. Further, mechanical properties of nanocomposite also show the modulus increased with TiO2 amount, up to 15 wt% TiO2 in PMMA. The 15 wt% TiO2 nanopowder in PMMA is the optimized one due to high modulus obtained. When the amount of TiO2 nanopowder is higher than 15 wt%, modulus of the sample drop drastically due to the brittle properties of the nanocomposited samples observed. Higher amounts of TiO2 in PMMA increase an intercalation of TiO2 between the polymer chains, thus, weaken the polymer. Effect of TiO2 nanoparticle filler size also was investigated. Smaller size of the filler shows higher thermal and mechanical properties of the nanocomposite. Good thermal and mechanical properties of PMMA/ TiO2 nanocomposites contribute to the various applications for this nanocomposite applications such as in household applications, electronic, aerospace and also in biotechnology applications.


Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
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Nik Mohammad, Nik Noor Hafizah
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics > Composite materials
Q Science > QC Physics > Atomic physics. Constitution and properties of matter > Nanostructures
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Programme: Master of Science
Keywords: Polymer nanocomposite, Thermal, Mechanical
Date: 2014
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