Investigation of dielectric permittivity diversity against soil contamination by [GPR] due to [LNAPL] / Zulfadhli Kasmuri

Kasmuri, Zulfadhli (2018) Investigation of dielectric permittivity diversity against soil contamination by [GPR] due to [LNAPL] / Zulfadhli Kasmuri. Degree thesis, Universiti Teknologi Mara Perlis.


The most crucial parameter to be investigated for environmental engineering survey was the dielectric permittivity of the sub-surface material by using Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR). A limitation occurred on the GPR result when Light Non-Aqueous Phase Liquid (LNAPL) posed into the soil that commonly analysed by dielectric permittivity. Other factors that affected soil contamination parameter were temperature and moisture content which caused the dielectric permittivity diversity in time propagation. This research motivated the contaminated soil investigation with a focus on the temporal dielectric permittivity variation due to the presence of LNAPL. GPR method was used to gain the dielectric permittivity variation with aid of analysis regarding the time-based of LNAPL presence that interacted relatively with the soil moisture and temperature. Diesel filled to contaminate the dry sandy site. GPR measurement carried out by using 800MHz frequency while the temperature and soil moisture reading recorded during scanning. Dielectric permittivity of LNAPL zone retrieved based on dielectric contrast in radargram, GPR signal amplitude, time travel, and electromagnetic wave velocity. Uncontaminated soil permittivity was 9.591 among 13.5% of moisture and 27 ̊c temperature recorded. Highest dielectric permittivity value identified was 17.674 at the higher moisture percentage and temperature in the last observation. LNAPL caused a high loss of electromagnetic wave scattering, but sometimes increased the radar signal amplitude, and lead the dielectric permittivity to its higher value for larger increment of soil moisture at the saturated sand. By using the average of absolute percentage error, found that the difference between actual and calculated depth of pipe were 0.038% error in average. Root Mean Square (RMS) in velocity analysis resulted 0.045 m/ns correction for a succession of velocity. Normalised Root Mean Square Error (NRMSE) produced 0.089 of similarity between the de-noised and raw GPR data. This research attributed analysis uses for the subsurface engineering and comes about reliable with discoveries from geophysical study that conceivable to recognize contaminant.


Item Type: Thesis (Degree)
Email / ID Num.
Kasmuri, Zulfadhli
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General) > Geomatics
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences > Environmental conditions. Environmental quality. Environmental indicators. Environmental degradation
Q Science > QE Geology
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Perlis > Arau Campus > Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Surveying
Keywords: Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) ; Light Non-Aqueous Phase Liquid (LNAPL) ; Root Mean Square (RMS) ; Dielectric permittivity
Date: 2 August 2018
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