The effects of language on students' FCI performance / Anis Awaludin

Awaludin, Anis (2013) The effects of language on students' FCI performance / Anis Awaludin. [Student Project] (Unpublished)


This study sought to identify the level of students' conceptual understanding in Newtonian Mechanics and the effect of different language versions of the instrument that measure this understanding. The instrument used in this research is the Force Concept Inventory (FCI): the English and the Malay versions. The subjects of the study consisted of 100 students from Universiti Teknologi Mara (UiTM) who enrolled in two physics courses in the Faculty of Applied Science. Forty-nine students answered the Malay version of the FCI while another fifty-one answered the English version. The FCI was used to assess students' understanding of the concept in mechanics and to investigate the common and recurring misconceptions. At the same time, it is also used to probe the effect of different language versions of the FCI upon students FCI performance. The collected data obtained was analyzed by using statistical methods with the help of Excel and SPSS programmes. This method compares the percentages of corrects answers to each item in the FCI between the students answering the English and the Malay version of the FCI. These results are then from compared to the results of students from other countries, specifically from Petroleum Institute. From this study, students' level of understanding in Newtonian mechanics had been ascertained and the effects of different language versions of the FCI upon student scores had been identified. We conclude that, the average percentages of correct answers for both versions were similar. However, UiTM students performed slightly better in the English version of FCI compared to the Malay version by item per item analysis. The pattern of performance between the UiTM and Petroleum Institute students are found to be slightly similar.


Item Type: Student Project
Email / ID Num.
Awaludin, Anis
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Husin (Hj), Abu Hassan (Prof. Madya Dr)
Subjects: L Education > LB Theory and practice of education
Q Science > QC Physics > Descriptive and experimental mechanics
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Programme: Bachelor of Science (Hons) Industrial Physics
Keywords: Newtonian Mechanics, Force Concept Inventory (FCI), Universiti Teknologi Mara (UiTM)
Date: 2013
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