Stability analysis of two species mutualism model with time delay and harvesting / Rusliza Ahmad

Ahmad, Rusliza (2013) Stability analysis of two species mutualism model with time delay and harvesting / Rusliza Ahmad. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

Abstract

In this thesis, we analyze a two-species mutualism model with and without time delay and harvesting functions. The time delay is considered in the model to improve accuracy because the growth rate of the population depends not only on the present size of population but also on past information while the harvesting function is introduced to describe the rate of removal of the species. The stability of the model involving time delay is determined by defining a time delay margin. The global stability analysis of the unique positive equilibrium point of mutualism model with two different harvesting functions is proven by constructing a suitable Lyapunov function. The two harvesting functions are harvesting at a constant rate and harvesting at a rate proportional to the population size. The effect of time delay and two different harvesting functions on the dynamics of the population has been examined. We consider time delay into the basic model without harvesting and discuss the effect of delay on the stability of the unique positive equilibrium point.From the analysis, it can be concluded that time delay can induce instability of a stable equilibrium point. The time delay model is then modified to include a harvesting function. Then we discuss the effect of harvesting and time delay on the dynamics of the model. The analysis shows that when there is no delay, varying the harvesting rate does not affect the stability of the model if the value of harvesting rate is under control while time delay can cause a stable equilibrium point to become unstable.

Metadata

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Creators:
Creators
Email / ID Num.
Ahmad, Rusliza
2010631316
Contributors:
Contribution
Name
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Budin, Harun (Associate Professor Dr)
UNSPECIFIED
Thesis advisor
Ismail, Salemah (Associate Professor Dr)
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics
Q Science > QA Mathematics > Mathematical statistics. Probabilities
Q Science > QA Mathematics > Mathematical statistics. Probabilities > Data processing
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences
Programme: Master of Science
Keywords: Stability analysis; Mutualism mode; Time delay; Harvesting
Date: December 2013
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/16438
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