Performance of Stone Mastic Asphalt (SMA) mix using selected fibres / Syahirah Mansor

Mansor, Syahirah (2014) Performance of Stone Mastic Asphalt (SMA) mix using selected fibres / Syahirah Mansor. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.


Stone Mastic Asphalt (SMA) is a gap-graded asphalt mixture that depends on the stone-to-stone contact to provide its load carrying capacity against rutting. However,binder draindown is a problem for SMA mixtures, due to its intentional high binder content. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the volumetric properties, binder drainage, rutting and stripping performances in the SMA14 mixture. Two different cellulose fibres were used in SMA14 mix, which is synthetic fibre (Viatop66) and natural fibre (Kenaf) to prevent binder drainage. In this study, 0.3 percent cellulose fibres, by weight of mixture, were uniformly combined with the dried aggregate before the asphalt cement was added during mixing process. Laboratory specimens were prepared using 50 blows of the Marshall hammer per side. The optimum binder content (OBC) for SMA14 mixtures was selected to produce 4 percent air voids and draindown of less than 0.3 percent. The OBC for the SMA 14 mix with synthetic fibre (Viatop66) was found to be
6.1 percent at 4 percent air voids, while the OBC for the SMA14 mix with natural fibre (Kenaf) was found to be 5.9 percent at 4 percent air voids. The obtained OBC was used to prepare samples for rutting and stripping tests. Number of compaction applied for rutting and stripping samples were based on a trial and error method to obtain 7 ± 0.5 percent of air voids. Rut depth for SMA14 mix with natural fibre (Kenaf) obtained is 1.6 mm compared to SMA14 mix with synthetic fibre (Viatop66) which is 1.8 mm. The tensile strength ratio recorded for both mixes are greater than 80 percent, that resulting in enough stripping resistance. Based on ESEM, in SMA 14 mix with natural fibre, the voids were filled with natural fibre and the fibre interacts well with the other substances. This indicates that the natural fibre could efficiently retain the binder in the mix. Therefore,natural fibre could be an alternative material to replace the synthetic fibre for the SMA 14 mixture.


Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
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Mansor, Syahirah
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering. Civil engineering > Materials of engineering and construction
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Civil Engineering
Programme: Master of Science
Keywords: Stone Mastic Asphalt (SMA); SMA mixtures; Volumetric properties
Date: 2014
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