Utilisation of indigenous resources for acoustical applications / Valliyappan D. Natarajan and Mohd Jailani Mohd Nor

Natarajan, Valliyappan David and Mohd Nor, Mohd Jailani (2004) Utilisation of indigenous resources for acoustical applications / Valliyappan D. Natarajan and Mohd Jailani Mohd Nor. Journal of Mechanical Engineering (JMechE), 1 (1). pp. 29-37. ISSN 1823-5514 ; 2550-164X


This paper presents the development of novel sound absorbing materials based on natural indigenous resources particularly that of fibrous nature. Coir fiber in the form of stitched mat, which is porous and fuzzy, was utilized as the main sound absorbing component. Composite panels support the coir mat laterally. The panels were made from oil palm frond fibre (OPF) and rice husk (RH) bounded in
either unsaturated polyester (UP) or polypropylene (PP) matrix. The acoustical properties of the composite structures were determined in an impedance tube based on the two-microphone transfer function method in the frequency range of 125Hz to 4000Hz. Overall results indicate that the coir mat-composite panel structure is a potential absorbent-barrier with not less than 50% of sound
absorption. General improvements were achieved in the absorption properties over the entire frequency range using the more flexible RH-PP panel while superior low frequency absorption was attained using panel made of 50% volume fraction of OPF I RH mixture in UP. The product of this research offers exceptional cost-performance balance to the existing, relatively expensive noise control industry while reducing waste disposal problems in the plantation industry.


Item Type: Article
Email / ID Num.
Natarajan, Valliyappan David
Mohd Nor, Mohd Jailani
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering. Civil engineering > Acoustics in engineering. Acoustical engineering
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Mechanical Engineering (JMechE)
UiTM Journal Collections: UiTM Journal > Journal of Mechanical Engineering (JMechE)
ISSN: 1823-5514 ; 2550-164X
Volume: 1
Number: 1
Page Range: pp. 29-37
Keywords: Indigenous material; sound absorption; impedance tube; noise control
Date: 2004
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/11395
Edit Item
Edit Item


[thumbnail of AJ_VALLIYAPPAN D. NATARAJAN JOME 05.pdf] Text

Download (446kB)

ID Number




Statistic details