Antioxidant activity and toxicity studies of vernonia cinerea, peperomia pellucida and the combination of vernonia cinerea and peperomia pellucida / Nurul Syafiqah Zaharin

Zaharin, Nurul Syafiqah (2018) Antioxidant activity and toxicity studies of vernonia cinerea, peperomia pellucida and the combination of vernonia cinerea and peperomia pellucida / Nurul Syafiqah Zaharin. [Student Project] (Unpublished)

Abstract

The present study was conducted to evaluate the antioxidant activity and toxicity levels of Vernonia cinerea, Peperomia pellucida and combination of Vernonia cinerea and Peperomia pellucida. The extract was prepared with methanol respectively. 2, 2-diphenyl-1-picryhydrazyl (DPPH) assay were used to study their antioxidant activity while brine shrimp lethality test method was conducted to determine their toxicity levels. The extracts were compared with commercial antioxidant; butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT). Vernonia cinerea exhibits highest antioxidant activitiy which is 76.94% at 100mg/ml followed by the combined herbs (71.21%) and Peperomia pellucida (68.31%). IC50 values were also calculated for each sample. Peperomia pellucida possess highest IC50 which is 5.57 mg/ml, followed by combination of Vernonia cinerea and Peperomia pellucida which is 5.27 mg/ml and lastly Vernonia cinerea which is 2.91 mg/ml. The lower the IC50 value, the stronger the ability of extracts to act as a DPPH scavenger. For brine shrimp lethality assay, the mortality percentage was taken after 6 hours and 24 hours of incubation period. After 24 hours incubation period, there are no survivors left and it may be influenced by several factors and therefore, the LC50 values are only taken for 6 hours incubation period only. Brine shrimp lethality test show that all of the samples exhibit non-toxic characteristic as the value of LC50 is greater than 1 mg/ml .Combined extracts of Vernonia cinerea and Peperomia pellucida have highest LC50 value which is 32.61 mg/ml, followed by Peperomia pellucida (14.72 mg/ml) and Vernonia cinerea (14.10 mg/ml). It can be concluded that the combination herbs may not work well if combined together.

Metadata

Item Type: Student Project
Creators:
CreatorsID Num. / Email
Zaharin, Nurul SyafiqahUNSPECIFIED
Contributors:
ContributionNameID Num. / Email
Thesis advisorAhmad Wakid, SariniUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General) > Study and teaching > Laboratories. General works
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > Toxicology. Poisons
R Medicine > RB Pathology > Antioxidants
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Negeri Sembilan > Kuala Pilah Campus > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Programme: Bachelor of Science (Hons.) Biology
Item ID: 34237
Uncontrolled Keywords: Antioxidant activity and toxicity, vernonia cinerea, peperomia pellucida, combination of vernonia cinerea and peperomia pellucida
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/34237

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