Physicochemical properties of rambutan seed fat / Nadya Hajar [et al.]

Mohamad, Naemaa and Tokiman, Azlin and Abdul Rahim, Hasvenda and Munawar, Nursabrina and Sani, Najihah and Mayuddin, Fathin Khairunnisa and Azman, Noorrashikin and Nosarimy, Illiyina Syafinaz and Md Yatim, Noor Shahirah and Abd Rashid, Mohamad Iqmal and Shahrizan, Nur Shahieerah (2017) Physicochemical properties of rambutan seed fat / Nadya Hajar [et al.]. Journal of Academia, 5 (1). pp. 82-91. ISSN 2289-6368

Abstract

Rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum L.) fruit is abundantly present in Malaysia. It is a seasonal fruit that present twice a year. It has short shelf life at ambient temperature has contributed to fruit wastage. Thus, the initiative of producing canned rambutan is an innovation that makes rambutan fruit available throughout the year. The canned rambutan industry leaves large amount of rambutan seed. This study focused on utililization of rambutan seed as valuable product which is Rambutan Seed Fat (RSF). The RSF was extracted using Soxhlet Extraction method for 8 hours. The objective of this study was to determine the physicochemical properties of RSF: melting point (°C), Refractive Index (RI), Total Carotene Content (TCC), water activity (Aw), acid value (AV), peroxide value (PV) and saponification value (SV). The results showed that: 38.00±1.00 – 48.83±1.61°C melting point, 1.46±0.00 RI, 1.18±0.06 mg/kg TCC, 0.4721±0.0176 Aw, 1.2162±0.1520 mg KOH/g AV, 9.6000±0.4000 g/g PV and 146.8040±18.0182 mg KOH/g SV, respectively. According to the results, RSF showed high industrial potential as cocoa butter replacement in chocolates and cosmetics production as the physicochemical properties of RSF is quite similar to cocoa butter.

Metadata

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsID Num. / Email
Mohamad, NaemaaUNSPECIFIED
Tokiman, AzlinUNSPECIFIED
Abdul Rahim, HasvendaUNSPECIFIED
Munawar, NursabrinaUNSPECIFIED
Sani, NajihahUNSPECIFIED
Mayuddin, Fathin KhairunnisaUNSPECIFIED
Azman, NoorrashikinUNSPECIFIED
Nosarimy, Illiyina SyafinazUNSPECIFIED
Md Yatim, Noor ShahirahUNSPECIFIED
Abd Rashid, Mohamad IqmalUNSPECIFIED
Shahrizan, Nur ShahieerahUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: S Agriculture > SB Plant culture > Seeds. Seed technology
S Agriculture > SB Plant culture > Fruit and fruit culture
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Food processing and manufacture
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Negeri Sembilan > Kuala Pilah Campus
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Academia
Journal: UiTM Journal > Journal of Academia UiTM Negeri Sembilan
ISSN: 2289-6368
Volume: 5
Number: 1
Page Range: pp. 82-91
Item ID: 29465
Uncontrolled Keywords: Physicochemical, Rambutan Seed Fat
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/29465

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