Behaviour of ultra high performance fibre reinforced cementitious composites for enhancing the fire endurance of structural members / Sobia Anwar Qazi

Qazi, Sobia Anwar (2016) Behaviour of ultra high performance fibre reinforced cementitious composites for enhancing the fire endurance of structural members / Sobia Anwar Qazi. PhD thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

Abstract

Fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) strengthened and unstrengthened reinforced concrete (RC) structures are susceptible to intense deterioration when exposed to elevated temperatures, particularly in the incident of fire. FRP has the tendency to lose bond with the substrate due to the low glass transition temperature (Tg) of epoxy; the key component of FRP matrix. Previously, various types of high performance cementitious composites (HPCC) were explored for the protection of RC structural members against elevated temperature. However, there is an inadequate information on the influence of elevated temperature on the ultra-high performance fibre reinforced cementitious composites (UHPFRCC) containing ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBS) and/or fly ash (FA) as a replacement of high alumina cement (HAC) in conjunction with hybrid fibres (basalt and polypropylene (PP) fibres). This could be a prospective fire resisting material for the structural components. The influence of elevated temperatures on the compressive, flexural and tensile strength of UHPFRCC, made of HAC-GGBS and hybrid fibres, was examined in this study along with complete microstructural, chemical and thermal analysis. Total fourteen (14) mixes were developed. Besides control sample (without fibres), three other samples, containing 0.5%, 1% and 1.5% of basalt fibres by total weight of mix and 1 kg/m3 of PP fibres, were prepared and tested. Another mix was also prepared with only 1 kg/m3 of PP fibres. Nine (9) more mixes were developed with the replacement of GGBS with FA. Each of the samples were retained at ambient temperature as well as exposed to 400°C, 700°C and 1000°C followed by residual mechanical (compressive, tensile and flexural), thermal (TC, TG and DSC analysis) and microstructural (XRD, ESEM and MIP) testing after 28 and 56 days of conventional curing. Investigation of results disclosed that the use of hybrid fibres significantly helped to improve the ambient temperature compressive and flexural strength of UHPFRCC, which was found to be 80 MPa and 14.3 MPa respectively. However, the optimum residual compressive strength was marked by UHPFRCC- CP (with PP fibres only), equally after both curing days (28 and 56 days), i.e. 41%. In addition, the highest residual flexural strength, after 28 and 56 days of curing, was marked by UHPFRCC- CP and UHPFRCC- CB2 (1 kg/m3 of PP fibres + 1% of basalt fibres) i.e. 39% and 48.5% respectively. Through statistical analysis by response surface methodology (RSM), regression models were also developed for UHPFRCC based on the factors affecting residual mechanical strength. After residual mechanical testing, UHPFRCC-CP and UHPFRCC-F2B1 were selected as best mix to be cladded over full scale Carbon fibre reinforced polymer (CFRP)-strengthened and unstrengthened RC columns and tested under ASTM El 19 fire. Total seven short RC column specimens were cast, using grade 40 concrete, including unstrengthened and CFRP-strengthened with and without two different types of UHPFRCC cladding. The size of the full-scale columns was 200 mm x 200 mm x 2640 mm. Results have shown that cladded UHPFRCC proved to be the potential fire resistant coating for RC columns and increased the time of failure significantly for both CFRP strengthened and unstrengthened RC columns. Among both types of claddings, UHPFRCC-CP found to be the most effective in protecting unstrengthened as well as CFRP-strengthened columns. Besides, it also increased the time to reach the Tg of CFRP composite by 20 minutes as compared to the unprotected CFRP-strengthened column.

Metadata

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Creators:
CreatorsID Num. / Email
Qazi, Sobia AnwarUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering. Civil engineering > Structural engineering
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Civil Engineering
Programme: Doctor of Philosophy (Civil Engineering)
Item ID: 28033
Uncontrolled Keywords: Fibre, Fire endurance, Reinforced concrete
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/28033

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