Chemical screening and biological properties of the aromatic plant polygonum minus huds (kesum) / Noor Masitah Mat Rashid

Mat Rashid, Noor Masitah (2017) Chemical screening and biological properties of the aromatic plant polygonum minus huds (kesum) / Noor Masitah Mat Rashid. [Student Project] (Unpublished)

Abstract

The research of an aromatic plant, Polygonum minus Huds or kesum has been done on their chemical screening and biological properties. Extractions by cool extraction method were done at room temperature for 72 hours successively by three different solvent which are hexane, ethyl acetate and ethanol. The highest percentage yield shown by ethanol extract which is 4.73%. The phytochemical screening analysis for ethanol extract were done and confirm the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, glycosides, phenols, saponins, sterols, tannins and terpenoids. In thin layer chromatography (TLC) study, the combination of solvent system hexane and ethyl acetate give a good separation of compound under ultraviolet (UV) lamp short wavelength and long wavelength. The best ratio for solvent system for hexane extract and ethyl acetate extract is 8:2 while the ratio for ethanol extract is 7:3. Disc diffusion method were used to determine the antibacterial activities of crude by using four phatogenic bacteria of Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella typhi and Escherichia coli. The highest inhibition zone observed was the hexane extract with the diameter of 14 mm. Meanwhile for antioxidant study, DPPH were used to define the presence of antioxidant in the crude extracts.

Metadata

Item Type: Student Project
Creators:
CreatorsID Num. / Email
Mat Rashid, Noor MasitahUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > QK Botany > Plant anatomy
Q Science > QK Botany > Plant physiology > Botanical chemistry. Phytochemicals
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Negeri Sembilan > Kuala Pilah Campus > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Item ID: 26154
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chemical screening, and biological, properties of the aromatic plant polygonum minus huds (kesum), UiTM Negeri Sembilan
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/26154

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