Naphthenic acid removal from petroleum crude oil utilizing sodium thiocyanate with the aid of ni/ce and ni/ca catalysts / Nurshahirah Mohd Halim

Mohd Halim, Nurshahirah (2017) Naphthenic acid removal from petroleum crude oil utilizing sodium thiocyanate with the aid of ni/ce and ni/ca catalysts / Nurshahirah Mohd Halim. [Student Project] (Unpublished)

Abstract

The Naphthenic Acids (NAs) found in crude oil can leads to corrosion problems in oil refinery equipment, storage, facilities and even reduces the performances of the oil. In this study, catalytic deacidification reaction was done in order to lowering Total Acid Number (TAN) in crude oil to below than one mg KOH/g utilizing sodium thiocyanate with the aid of Ni/Ca and Ni/Ce catalysts. The catalyst were supported on the alumina through Incipient Wetness Impregnation (lWI) methods and calcined at calcination temperature of 800, 900 and 1000°C. Ni/Ca and Ni/Ce catalyst were characterized by using X-ray Diffraction Spectroscopy (XRD), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and Thermogravimetry Analysis-Differential Thermal Analysis (TGA-DTA) to study physical properties of the catalyst. The results shows that Ni/Ca (l0:90) AI203 and Ni/Ce (l0:90) AI203 catalyst successfully reduced number of acids in crude oil to below that 1.00 mg KOH/g. Ni/Ca (10:90) AI203 catalyst reduced TAN of crude oil from original TAN, 2.80 mg KOH/g to 0.28 mg KOH/g while Ni/Ce (10:90) AI203 catalyst reduced to 0.65 from 2.80 mg KOH/g at 1000°C calcination temperature and catalyst loading of 4 bead (0.50%). This proven by BET results that shows both catalysts have the highest surface area, average pore diameter and pore volume at calcination temperature of 1000°C that allows more molecular NAs to enter pores of the catalyst. XRD analysis proposed AI203 face centered cubic (fcc) was active site for Ni/Ca(l0:90) AI203 catalyst while CeO2 fcc was the active site for Ni/Ce (l0:90) Al203 catalyst. Stretching of S-C=N thiocyanate and pure metal oxides stretching modes were detected on Ni/Ca (l0:90) AI203 catalyst at wavelength of 2075.90 and 567.51 to 468.94 cm-t respectively by FTIR analysis after catalytic deacidification process which indicates that there were impurities have adsorbed on the catalyst. The catalytic reaction was fixed at reaction time of 15 minutes and temperature at 27° C. As a conclusion, both catalysts can reduce TAN to less than 1.00 mg KOH/g. However, Ni/Ca (l0:90) AI203 catalyst shows more potential catalyst compared to Ni/Ce (l0:90) AI203 catalyst since it can lowered down acid number in crude oil to most lowest value than Ni/Ce (l0:90) AI203 catalyst

Metadata

Item Type: Student Project
Creators:
CreatorsID Num. / Email
Mohd Halim, NurshahirahUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QD Chemistry > Inorganic chemistry
Q Science > QD Chemistry > Analytical chemistry
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Pahang > Jengka Campus > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Item ID: 25825
Uncontrolled Keywords: Naphthenic Acids, Catalytic deacidification, Sodium thiocyanate, Ni/Ca and Ni/Ce catalysts, X-ray Diffraction Spectroscopy, Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), Thermogravimetry Analysis-Differential Thermal Analysis
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/25825

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