Natural radionuclides distribution in soil, and linkages in water, sediment, and selected fishes in Kuala Keniam, Taman Negara, Pahang, Malaysia / Nurulhuda Kassim

Kassim, Nurulhuda (2014) Natural radionuclides distribution in soil, and linkages in water, sediment, and selected fishes in Kuala Keniam, Taman Negara, Pahang, Malaysia / Nurulhuda Kassim. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

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Abstract

Naturally occurring radionuclides such as 226Ra, 228Ra and 40K which emit gamma radiation through their decay process could reach the human. The amount of radioactivity concentration of these radionuclides is the important factor in assessing whether it is harmful or vice versa. In this study, the Kuala Keniam, Taman Negara, Pahang was chosen as a study area, since Taman Negara is an undisturbed area and reserve for natural or semi natural land and restricted from most development in Malaysia. In this area, depending on the geological condition of the surrounding, it may contain some natural radionuclides which emit certain amount or levels of radiation. The gamma activities and the concentration of radionuclides were determined using high resolution gamma-ray spectrometer and EDXRF respectively. In this study, the area is divided into three areas based on their location; Zone 1 is in the base camp, Zone 2 is in the jungle and Zone 3 is at Keniam River. The activity concentration of soil in Zone 1 is higher than Zone 2 because of the geographical condition between both Zones. The mean activity concentration of water in Zone 2 is higher than Zone 3 because water in Zone 3 is more stagnant than water in Zone 2. The radiation exposure based on radium equivalent (Raeq), absorbed dose (D), annual effective dose (AED), external hazard index (Hex) and internal hazard index (Hln) via analysis of 226Ra, 228Ra, and 40K was calculated. Transfer ratio from water to fish is higher than transfer ratio from sediment to fish. In short, based on the radiation index, the area is considered safe since the level of radiation is lower than the annual dose limit.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Creators:
CreatorsID Num.
Kassim, NurulhudaUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > Physical and theoretical chemistry > Chemical elements
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > Environmental pollution
Divisions: Faculty of Applied Sciences
Item ID: 25665
Uncontrolled Keywords: radionuclides, gamma, radioactivity
Last Modified: 20 Sep 2019 09:15
Depositing User: Admin Pendigitan 1 PTAR
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/25665

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