Synthesis of polyurethane from oil palm frond / Siti Nadia Hani Mohd Daud

Mohd Daud, Siti Nadia Hani (2017) Synthesis of polyurethane from oil palm frond / Siti Nadia Hani Mohd Daud. Student Project. Faculty of Applied Sciences, Jengka, Pahang. (Unpublished)


This study reports the synthesis of polyurethane from the cellulosic waste with the purpose to recycle these residues into new alternative raw material in coating area and will help the palm oil industry to overcome the biomass waste issue and tum them into valuable product. In addition, it is more eco-friendly and required low cost for processing. Extraction of cellulose from oil palm frond sawdust has been carried out through reaction of alcohol-toluene with ratio 1:2 (v/v) by using soxhlet apparatus for about five hours. Then, free extractive sawdust was dried in the oven for overnight. The process was proceeding with reaction of ethylene glycol to produce a-glycoside and p-glycoside. These glycosides were used for the synthesis of polyols. Next, polyols that were obtained from previous step are used for the synthesis of polyurethane. After that, polyurethane was chemical characterized by using FTIR spectrometer.


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Item Type: Monograph (Student Project)
CreatorsID Num.
Mohd Daud, Siti Nadia HaniUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > Organic chemistry > Polymers. Macromolecules
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Oils, fats, and waxes > Palm oil
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Pahang > Jengka Campus > Faculty of Applied Sciences (C)
Item ID: 23941
Uncontrolled Keywords: Synthesis of polyurethane, Raw material in coating, Extraction of cellulose, Oil palm, Oil palm frond sawdust, Reaction of alcohol-toluene, Soxhlet apparatus, Ethylene glycol, Synthesis of polyols, Synthesis of polyurethane, FTIR spectrometer.

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