Adsorption kinetics and thermodynamics of dye onto layered double hydroxide (LDHs) / Nurul Izni Kairi

Kairi, Nurul Izni (2010) Adsorption kinetics and thermodynamics of dye onto layered double hydroxide (LDHs) / Nurul Izni Kairi. Student Project. Faculty of Applied Sciences, Shah Alam. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Hydrotalcites (HTs) were found to have high anionic exchange capacity for the removal of Reactive Black 5 (RB5) which is one of the textile dyes used in the industry. In this study, MgAlNO₃-LDH was synthesized by co-precipitation method. Layered double hydroxides (LDH) is a class of ionic lamellar solids with positively charged layers with two kinds of metallic cations and exchangeable hydrated gallery anions. They are also known as anionic clays or hydrotalcite-like compounds in the name of polytypes of corresponding (Mg-Al) based minerals. Different parameters that affect the adsorption of dye were studied in this experiment which includes the effect of contact time, the effects at different initial concentration, adsorbent dosage, pH and temperature. Equlibrium sorption isotherms and kinetics were also investigated. The kinetic data obtained at different concentrations have been analyzed using pseudo-first order, pseudo-second order kinetic model. The equilibrium data are fitted to the Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm equations. From these, the adsorption efficiency, adsorption energy, adsorption capacity and the rate constant value for the adsorption process is calculated. The temperature thermodynamic parameters like ΔG°, ΔH° and ΔS° are calculated based on the effect of temperature. The results revealed that MgAlNO₃-LDH was a promising sorbent for the removal of reactive black 5 from aqueous solution.

Item Type: Monograph (Student Project)
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Kairi, Nurul IzniUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Textile bleaching, dyeing, printing, etc.
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Textile bleaching, dyeing, printing, etc. > Dyeing
Divisions: Faculty of Applied Sciences
Item ID: 23219
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adsorption kinetics; layered double hydroxide
Last Modified: 19 Feb 2019 09:23
Depositing User: Staf Pendigitalan 7
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/23219

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