Identification and comparison on chemical compositions of citrus aurantifolia oh. Of hydro distilation and hexane extracts / Norain Sabli

Sabli, Norain (2009) Identification and comparison on chemical compositions of citrus aurantifolia oh. Of hydro distilation and hexane extracts / Norain Sabli. Student Project. Faculty of Applied Sciences, Shah Alam. (Unpublished)

Abstract

In this study, essential oils of key lime (Citrus aurantifolia) from peel and fruit were obtained by two different methods, hydro distillation essembly clavenger-type apparatus and hexane extracts. The GCMS analysis identified different substances presence in both methods being limonene, p-pinene, a-bisabolol, and a-terpineol which the most significant compounds. These chemical compounds can be represented by three main classes; terpenes, sesquiterpenes, and oxygenated compounds. Extract of essential lime peel oil by hydro distillation produced 10.43% oil yield and consists of 62.61% terpene hydrocarbon groups, 17.94% sesquiterpene, and about 19.45% of oxygenated compound groups. However, hexane extracts produced half amount of hydro distillate yield which is 5.44% and 1.80% for peel arid fruit respectively. The main chemical components of hexane extracts being 35.9% of terpene hydrocarbon groups, 29.9% of sesquiterpene compound groups, and 23.51% oxygenated compounds.

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Metadata

Item Type: Monograph (Student Project)
Creators:
CreatorsID Num.
Sabli, NorainUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Chemical engineering > Hydrolysis
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Biotechnology
Divisions: Faculty of Applied Sciences
Item ID: 23147
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chemical Composition; Hydro Distilation; Hexane Extracts
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/23147

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