Biodiesel production via transesterification of waste palm oil using mg/ai2o3 as heterogeneous catalyst / Nurul Hidayah Lukmanul Hakim

Lukmanul Hakim, Nurul Hidayah (2016) Biodiesel production via transesterification of waste palm oil using mg/ai2o3 as heterogeneous catalyst / Nurul Hidayah Lukmanul Hakim. Student Project. Faculty of Applied Sciences, Jengka, Pahang. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Two main types of biofuels are bioethanol and biodiesel. Biodiesel also known as FAME is a renewable environmental friendly fuel and has caught the public interest. The Mg/Al203 catalyst used in this study was prepared by IWI method and was calcined at I000°C. After that, the catalyst was characterized by using FTIR and TGA. The parameter studied were reaction time and catalyst loading. The highest percentages yield of biodiesel is 42.5% from one step transesterification reaction. The condition was 12:1 methanol to oil ratio, reaction temperature of 65°C, reaction time of 2 hours and 4 wt% catalyst loading. The esterification reaction was accomplished in the existing of H2S04 as a common acid catalyst to reduce the amount of free fatty acid (FFA). After that, the acid value of the waste palm oil should be less than 1 mg KOH/g oil. The biodiesel obtained were analyze by using FTIR and GC-MC. The catalyst has low reusability because the used catalyst surface has been contaminated after the reaction. Thus, the catalyst is not suitable to be used for various cycles.

Item Type: Monograph (Student Project)
Creators:
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Lukmanul Hakim, Nurul HidayahUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > Physical and theoretical chemistry
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Pahang > Jengka Campus > Faculty of Applied Sciences (C)
Item ID: 23071
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biodiesel, Friendly fuel, Transesterification, Waste palm oil
Last Modified: 27 Feb 2019 08:54
Depositing User: Perpustakaan Al-Bukhari UiTM Cawangan Pahang
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/23071

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