Phytochemical screening and antimicrobial actmties of barringtonia racemosa leaves against selected bacteria / Nur Azwani Awari

Awari, Nur Azwani (2017) Phytochemical screening and antimicrobial actmties of barringtonia racemosa leaves against selected bacteria / Nur Azwani Awari. [Student Project] (Unpublished)

Abstract

Barringtonia racemosa or "Putat Kampung" was known to show various types of biological activities such as analgesic, antitumor and antimicrobial activities. B. racemosa has several secondary. metabolites which included the diterpenes, triterpenoids, flavonoids, steroids and saponins. Chemical-based medicines mainly give unwanted side effects to the consumers. The microbial resistance towards these antibiotics also keep increasing. Therefore, the search for new potential effective plants to fight pathogenic microorganisms was timely to do. This study was carried out to determine the phytochemical compound in B. racemosa's methanol and hexane leaves extract, to identify the antimicrobial activities of B. racemosa leaves extract against selected Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria and to determine the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC). The bacteria used were Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. In this study, the antimicrobial activities of methanol and hexane extracts of B. racemosa were determined using disc diffusion and MIC tests. In phytochemical screening, alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, terpenoids and saponins compounds were examined. 400 mg/ml, 200 mg/ml, 100 mg/ml and 50 mg/ml concentrations were used in determining the inhibition zones in disc diffusion method while 100 mg/ml, 50 mg/ml, 25 mg/ml and 12.5 mg/ml concentrations were used in MIC test. The results showed the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, terpenoids and saponins in methanol extract while in hexane only tannins was present. For disc diffusion, the methanol extract showed the highest antimicrobial activity against P. aeruginosa at 400 mg/ml concentration while for hexane extract, there was no antimicrobial activity were detected against all bacteria tested. The concentration at 12.5 mg/ml was determined as the MIC for methanol extract. As a conclusion, B. racemosa has a promising high potential as an antibacterial agent and be able to replace the existing chemical-based products

Metadata

Item Type: Student Project
Creators:
CreatorsID Num. / Email
Awari, Nur AzwaniUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > QK Botany > Plant anatomy
Q Science > QK Botany > Plant physiology
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Pahang > Jengka Campus > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Item ID: 22883
Uncontrolled Keywords: Barringtonia racemosa, Putat kampung, Antimicrobial activities, Antibacterial agen
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/22883

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