The Influence of Piston Bowl Geometries on In-Cylinder Air Flow in a Direct-Injection (DI) Diesel Engine for Biodiesel Operation / S. Jaichandar, E. James Gunasekaran and A. Gunabalan

S. Jaichandar and A. Gunabalan and E. James Gunasekaran (2016) The Influence of Piston Bowl Geometries on In-Cylinder Air Flow in a Direct-Injection (DI) Diesel Engine for Biodiesel Operation / S. Jaichandar, E. James Gunasekaran and A. Gunabalan. Journal of Mechanical Engineering, 13 (2). pp. 77-97. ISSN 1823-5514

Abstract

Thermal efficiency improvement, fuel consumption and pollutant emissions reduction from biodiesel fueled engines are critical requirements in engine research. In order to achieve these, a rapid and better air-fuel mixing condition is desired. The mixing quality of biodiesel with air can be improved by selecting the best engine design particularly combustion chamber design and injection system parameters. The present work investigates the effect of varying the piston bowl geometry on the air flow characteristics such as swirl velocity, Swirl Ratio (SR), and Turbulent Kinetic Energy (TKE) inside the engine cylinder. The piston’s bowl geometry was modified into several configurations that include Shallow depth combustion chamber (SCC), Toroidal combustion chamber (TCC), Shallow depth reentrant combustion chamber (SRCC) and Toroidal re-entrant combustion chamber (TRCC) from the standard Hemispherical combustion chamber (HCC), without altering the compression ratio of the engine. A commercially available CFD code STAR-CD was used to analyze the in-cylinder flow at different conditions. Flow conditions inside the cylinder were predicted by solving momentum, continuity and energy equations. The results confirmed that the piston bowl geometry had little influence on the in-cylinder flow during the intake stroke and the first part of compression stroke i.e. up to 300oafter suction TDC. However, the piston bowl geometry plays a significant role in the latter stage of the compression stroke i.e. beyond 300oafter suction TDC to compression TDC. The intensity of maximum swirl velocity at the end of compression stroke for TRCC was observed higher as 18.95 m/s and a strong recirculation was observed due to the geometry. Compared to baseline HCC the TRCC had higher, maximum swirl ratio and turbulent kinetic energy by about 28% and 2.14 times respectively. From the analysis of results, it was found that TRCC configuration gives better in-cylinder flows.

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Metadata

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsID Num.
S. JaichandarUNSPECIFIED
A. GunabalanUNSPECIFIED
E. James GunasekaranUNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Mechanical Engineering
ISSN: 1823-5514
Volume: 13
Number: 2
Page Range: pp. 77-97
Item ID: 17463
Uncontrolled Keywords: Diesel Engine, Combustion Chamber, Swirl Velocity, Swirl Ratio, Turbulent Kinetic Energy.
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/17463

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