Investigation and characterisation of surface cracks in metal components using time of flight diffraction (TOFD) technique in comparison to alternating current field measurement (ACFM) technique / Jeffry Jamil

Jamil, Jeffry (2014) Investigation and characterisation of surface cracks in metal components using time of flight diffraction (TOFD) technique in comparison to alternating current field measurement (ACFM) technique / Jeffry Jamil. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

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Abstract

This research describes an investigation and characterisation of Time of Flight Diffraction (TOFD) technique when it interacts with surface defects in metal component. Four steel plates of thickness 19 mm were used in this study. Electrical Discharge Machine (EDM) was used to fabricate the artificial surface cracks with various depths, angles and orientations. In case of TOFD technique, two TOFD probes of 5 MHz at angle 60° and 70° were used in this study with the different Probe Center Spacing (PCS). The latter was determined by using ESBeamTool software. Difficulty was experienced in using TOFD at an angle of 60° for detecting and sizing surface defects whereas successful results were achieved at angle 70°. The characteristic of defect signal was analysed based on surface defect severity. TOFD works well for most cases but surface crack that shallower cracks of 3.0 mm with inclination angle 40° (Notch 8) and 50° (Notch 9) could not be detected. This is due to the fact that crack signal were superimposed with the lateral wave and cannot be resolved separately. This is compliant with the proven practical limitation of the TOFD technique in detecting and sizing of shallower defects. The ACFM Standard Weld probe (256/5 kHz, TSC Inspection) was applied to the samples. The characteristic signals generated by the surface cracks obtained from Bx, Bz and 'butterfly plot' displays were evaluated using ASISTant software. In case comparison between ACFM and TOFD techniques, the study also revealed that small mean errors and standard deviation of depth and length using the ACFM technique makes more accurate than TOFD technique. The outcomes of these studies can be useful for planning an inspection of simple geometry component such as plate and pipe.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Creators:
CreatorsEmail
Jamil, JeffryUNSPECIFIED
Divisions: Faculty of Applied Sciences
Item ID: 17435
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cracks; Metal components; Flight diffraction technique
Last Modified: 26 Oct 2018 03:10
Depositing User: Staf Pendigitalan 5
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/17435

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