Sustainable entrepreneurship and renewable energy implementation in the agriculture sector of Trinidad and Tobago / Joshua Francis ... [et al.]

Francis, Joshua and Maharaj, Sandra and Boodlal, Donnie and Maharaj, Rean (2024) Sustainable entrepreneurship and renewable energy implementation in the agriculture sector of Trinidad and Tobago / Joshua Francis ... [et al.]. Journal of Smart Science and Technology, 4 (1): 3. pp. 33-48. ISSN 2785-924X


As Trinidad and Tobago (TT) transitions to a higher dependence on renewable energy technology (RET) and increased sustainability, the agricultural sector and more specifically, agripreneurship is identified as a key area that would fuel this transition. In this paper, agripreneurship will be investigated to determine what barriers prevent the practices from being completely sustainable, as well as the opportunities for new sustainable entrepreneurship (SE) through the use of RET in this sector in TT. Studies on the status of agripreneurship locally and regionally, especially as it pertains to entrepreneurship and sustainability, are limited. Through the literature review on foreign jurisdictions and the identification of relevant factors unique to TT, a survey instrument was developed and validated. The survey instrument was administered to stakeholders in the small-scale agricultural sector, and the data was collected and analysed. The unique drivers for SE and RET implementation by small-scale farmers in TT were identified as education, economic, environmental, and social. The findings showed significant interest by farmers in learning about and implementing RET to benefit their farms. However, without direct incentives, training, education, financial support and investment by the government in RET for the sector, there is reluctance for utilisation. To begin RET implementation and increase SE, the systems in place for the dissemination of incentives and economic compensation must be fixed to run efficiently to build trust with farmers, so that they will utilise these incentives. Infrastructure for education and training designed specifically for small-scale farmers to learn about RET and SE must be put in place and utilised by farmers to tap into the potential in the technology industry. These findings inform policy development for the future RET implementation in the agricultural sector in TT.


Item Type: Article
Email / ID Num.
Francis, Joshua
Maharaj, Sandra
Boodlal, Donnie
Maharaj, Rean
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > Agriculture
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > Renewable energy sources
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Sarawak > Kota Samarahan II Campus
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Smart Science and Technology
UiTM Journal Collections: UiTM Journal > Journal of Smart Science and Technology (JSST)
ISSN: 2785-924X
Volume: 4
Number: 1
Page Range: pp. 33-48
Related URLs:
Keywords: agripreneurship, sustainable entrepreneurship, renewable energy technology, sustainability, Praedial Larceny, small scale farmers
Date: March 2024
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