Community entrepreneurship potential for renewable energy adoption in Trinidad and Tobago / Bissoondath Bachan ... [et al.]

Bachan, Bissoondath and Maharaj, Sandra and Boodlal, Donnie and Maharaj, Rean (2024) Community entrepreneurship potential for renewable energy adoption in Trinidad and Tobago / Bissoondath Bachan ... [et al.]. Journal of Smart Science and Technology, 4 (1): 2. pp. 19-32. ISSN 2785-924X


The urgent need to mitigate Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions and combat the devastating impacts of climate change has led many countries to focus on renewable energy (RE) transition. This paper explores the extent to which communities can produce RE through community energy (CE). It identifies the barriers and drivers to RE implementation within their community, through local entrepreneurship in Trinidad and Tobago (TT). Through reviewed literature and considering factors unique to TT, a survey instrument was developed, validated, and administered to key stakeholders in communities throughout TT. The survey revealed that the respondents' demographic characteristics were diverse, with a strong sense of belongingness and rootedness to their communities. Economic barriers, particularly the high cost of RE equipment and low electricity cost were identified as the main concerns, while technological barriers for siting solar farms were also noted. A lack of confidence in the system's capability to educate and train in RE technologies was indicated. Local control and participation were well-favored, with a strong acceptance that community owned RE can bring about sustainable employment and add value. Results of the survey revealed that barriers to RE in TT are those of trust even within the communities, the sometimes-unfriendly business environment, and the discouragement created by strong administrative control and bureaucracy. The findings highlight the need to promote and facilitate local control and participation in RE projects to create sustainable employment opportunities. This study suggests the need for policy and regulatory frameworks that support community-based entrepreneurship in the RE sector and encourage the participation of communities in shaping the unavoidable energy transition. Thus, it is useful to inform policy development for CE and adoption of RE among communities in TT.


Item Type: Article
Email / ID Num.
Bachan, Bissoondath
Maharaj, Sandra
Boodlal, Donnie
Maharaj, Rean
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory. Demography > Entrepreneurship. Risk and uncertainty
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > Renewable energy sources
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Sarawak > Kota Samarahan II Campus
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Smart Science and Technology
UiTM Journal Collections: UiTM Journal > Journal of Smart Science and Technology (JSST)
ISSN: 2785-924X
Volume: 4
Number: 1
Page Range: pp. 19-32
Related URLs:
Keywords: renewable energy, greenhouse gas, community energy, entrepreneurship, small island developing state
Date: March 2024
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