Optimization of Guava Chewable Toothpaste Tablets

Md. Helmi, Nurhidayah and Mohd Hussin, Shuhaila and Hamzah, Muhammad Salahudin and Kamarul Nazli, Rabiatul Jannah and Tengku Muhamad Rozi, Tengku Nurul Husna and Mohamad Ashari, Zaidatul Shakila (2020) Optimization of Guava Chewable Toothpaste Tablets. In: International Jasin Multimedia & Computer Science Invention & Innovation Exhibition (3rd edition), 17-28 Feb 2020, UiTM Cawangan Melaka Kampus Jasin.

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Abstract

The idea of this project is to innovate the guava chewable toothpaste tablets against oral bacteria. The guava fruit were processed to a fine powder. 3 different formulas were developed; tablet with charcoal, tablet without charcoal and tablet without humectant. Each tablet, total weight of 1 g, 13.25 ± 0.67 mm diameter and 6.20 ± 0.24 mm thickness, were formulated by incorporated the sea salt, stevia, sodium bicarbonate, sodium benzoate, glycerol and peppermint. Using disk diffusion method, the antibacterial sensitivity of the tablets was evaluated. The largest zone of inhibition was observed in formulated tablet with and without charcoal; 2.6 and 2.5 cm respectively, while 1.8 cm in tablet without humectant. Comparing to the positive control (commercialized toothpaste), the zone of inhibition observed was 3.2 ± 3 cm. The hardness and pH value of the tablets were also tested. The hardness was 0 (with charcoal), 0.13 (without charcoal) and 0.27 (without humectant) kN. The pH values of all tablets were in between 6 to 7.

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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Creators:
Creators
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Md. Helmi, Nurhidayah
UNSPECIFIED
Mohd Hussin, Shuhaila
UNSPECIFIED
Hamzah, Muhammad Salahudin
UNSPECIFIED
Kamarul Nazli, Rabiatul Jannah
UNSPECIFIED
Tengku Muhamad Rozi, Tengku Nurul Husna
UNSPECIFIED
Mohamad Ashari, Zaidatul Shakila
zaida@uitm.edu.my
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Perak > Tapah Campus > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Event Title: International Jasin Multimedia & Computer Science Invention & Innovation Exhibition (3rd edition)
Event Dates: 17-28 Feb 2020
Page Range: pp. 148-150
Official URL: https://jamcsiix.wixsite.com/home
Item ID: 899
Uncontrolled Keywords: Psidium guajava L., Guava Chewable Toothpaste Tablets, Oral Bacteria
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/899

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899

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