Grounding strategies in ESL learner-learner interaction / Rushita Ismail and Sarjit Kaur

Ismail, Rushita and Kaur, Sarjit (2012) Grounding strategies in ESL learner-learner interaction / Rushita Ismail and Sarjit Kaur. Esteem Academic Journal, 8 (2). pp. 39-49. ISSN 1675-7939


It is considered that insufficient second language vocabulary is one of the challenges facing language learners in daily conversations. Lexical problems occur frequently in ESL face-to-face oral interactions when there is insufficient linguistic competence among second language learners. This paper examines the strategies used by eight dyads of Malaysian ESL learners and interlocutors to collaborate in oral interaction and investigates the existing collaborative behaviours the speaking interlocutors have, the types of grounding strategies they use and the amount of collaborative support they offer to the learners when lexical difficulty arises. The results showed that lexical problems in oral interaction were collaboratively solved. When a lexical difficulty arose and a communication strategy needed to be used, interlocutors resorted to different types of grounding strategies to collaborate with the learner in the successful communication of the message. This paper also highlights the possible implications of this strategic behaviour for the second language learning process.


Item Type: Article
Email / ID Num.
Ismail, Rushita
Kaur, Sarjit
Subjects: P Language and Literature > PE English language
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Pulau Pinang
Journal or Publication Title: Esteem Academic Journal
UiTM Journal Collections: UiTM Journal > ESTEEM Academic Journal (EAJ)
ISSN: 1675-7939
Volume: 8
Number: 2
Page Range: pp. 39-49
Keywords: lexical problem; grounding strategies; collaborations; second language learners; interaction
Date: 2012
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