Errors and oral corrective feedback in university English classes / Ting Su Hie, Muriatul Khusmah Musa and Lu Aileen Ek-Ling

Ting, Su Hie and Musa, Muriatul Khusmah and Lu, Aileen Ek-Ling (2011) Errors and oral corrective feedback in university English classes / Ting Su Hie, Muriatul Khusmah Musa and Lu Aileen Ek-Ling. Esteem Academic Journal, 7 (2). pp. 93-109. ISSN 1675-7939


In a language classroom which focuses on communicative use of English, the matter of whether to correct learners' errors is often debated. Within this context, the study examined the types of errors which are corrected by
instructors. The specific aspects studied were the types of errors made by adult ESL learners in a tertiary institution and the types of corrective feedback used by the instructors. Instructor-student interaction data were obtained from audio recordings of 20 two-hour lessons in an English for Social Purposes course in a Malaysian university. The oral interactions were transcribed and analysed using Lyster and Ranta's (1997) corrective discourse model. Errors which were not treated with corrective feedback were not included in the study. The
three types of errors focused on were phonological, lexical and grammatical. From the data set, 119 incidents of noticed errors were identified. The results revealed a tendency for instructors to notice and respond to grammatical errors, followed by phonological errors but lexical errors did not receive as much attention. The oral corrective feedback was usually given in the form of recasts to reformulate part of the students' utterance without pointing out the error explicitly. In comparison, the other five types of corrective feedback were less frequent. Sometimes the instructors responded to an error with different kinds of corrective feedback types. The patterns in oral corrective feedback indicate that instructors are mindful of how error treatment may cause anxiety to students and focus attention on ill-formed utterances that affect meaning-making.


Item Type: Article
Email / ID Num.
Ting, Su Hie
Musa, Muriatul Khusmah
Lu, Aileen Ek-Ling
Subjects: L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > Higher Education
P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics > Language and languages
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Academy of Language Studies
Journal or Publication Title: Esteem Academic Journal
UiTM Journal Collections: UiTM Journal > ESTEEM Academic Journal (EAJ)
ISSN: 1675-7939
Volume: 7
Number: 2
Page Range: pp. 93-109
Date: 2011
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