Fungicide activities of Ficus septica Burm. F. against Candida albicans and Colletotrichum sp. / Nadia Majitol

Majitol, Nadia (2018) Fungicide activities of Ficus septica Burm. F. against Candida albicans and Colletotrichum sp. / Nadia Majitol. [Student Project] (Submitted)


Ficus septica Burm. F. is a type of plant that is widely distributed within Malesia region and traditionally used to treat fever, bacterial and fungal infections. With the increasing problem in fungal infection towards human and local fruits as well as the growing usage of synthetic fungicide that leads to pathogen resistance, this study focuses on Ficus septica Burm. F as alternative to solve these problems by achieving several objectives including detecting the phytochemical constituent of plant extract, followed by evaluating the antifungal activity of plant extract and lastly determining the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum fungicidal concentration (MFC) of plant extract against Candida albicans and Colletotrichum sp. The methods involve 80% methanolie extraction of plant samples, followed by phytochemical screening to detect compounds that has the potential as antifungal agents, isolation and identification of fungi from Mangifera indica L., evaluating antifungal activity of extract against fungal pathogens and lastly determination of MIC and MFC of plant extract against fungal pathogens. The results show that dried and fresh Ficus septica leaves and fruits has alkaloid compound that was known to act as the main antifungal agent. It was then further evaluated that the dried and fresh Ficus septica leaf extract exhibit moderate antifungal properties against Candida albicans at 13.17 ± 1.04 mm and 10.68 ± 0.58 mm diameter of inhibition respectively. Furthermore, the MIC for dried and fresh Ficus septica leaf methanol extract against Candida albicans was > 12.500 pg/mL and > 50.000 pg/mT respectively and the MFC was > 25.000 pg/mL and > 50.000 pg/mL respectively. There was negative antifungal activity of fresh and dried Ficus septica fruit and leaves methanol extract against fungal pathogen Colletotrichum sp. Overall. Ficus septica leaves extract possess antifungal properties against clinical fungal but not in agricultural fungal. Recommendations for future study includes increasing the evaluation of antifungal activity against various fungal strain, diversify usage of solvent, use effective antifungal agent positive control and perform quantification of major compound in sample plant.


Item Type: Student Project
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Majitol, Nadia
Email / ID Num.
Jasnie, Farnidah
Jawan, Ajimi
Natin, Patricia
Lo, Chor Wai
Mahmud, Abdul Manap
Nurdik, Mohd Ruzaleh
Moulton, Noor Ezawaniee
Subjects: R Medicine > RV Botanic, Thomsonian, and eclectic medicine
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Sabah > Kota Kinabalu Campus > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Programme: Bachelor of Science (Hons.) Biology
Keywords: Ficus septica; Anthracnose; Colletotrichum sp.; Candida albicans
Date: 2018
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