Examining R.O. Winstedt’s perspective on the impact of Islam and Hinduism on Malay culture: a critical analysis / Mohd Farhan Abd Rahman ... [et al.]

Abd Rahman, Mohd Farhan and Abd Razak, Muhd Imran and Lokman, Md Azzaat Ahsanie and Mustafar, Mohd Zaid and Mohd Nason, Amir (2023) Examining R.O. Winstedt’s perspective on the impact of Islam and Hinduism on Malay culture: a critical analysis / Mohd Farhan Abd Rahman ... [et al.]. Idealogy Journal, 8 (2). pp. 104-112. ISSN 2550-214X


R.O. Winstedt, a British administrator who served in Malaya, was an orientalist whose thinking was influenced by logical empirical positivism. This philosophy emphasized the use of intellect as the primary approach to acquiring facts through systematic and thorough research methods. Winstedt's perspective rejected the use of revelation or religious proofs as evidence in historical studies, considering them irrelevant. This article examines Winstedt's viewpoint on the impact of Islam and Hinduism on the lives of Malays, focusing on four selected writings and academic perspectives toward his ideas. The authors employed historiography, comparisons, and content analysis to analyse these views. The study revealed that Winstedt's approach to assessing the influence of Hinduism on Malay community life, particularly in areas such as culture, law, and mythology, was questionable and biased. He believed that the community's development and civilization were shaped by Hindu culture, disregarding the contributions of Islam. This understanding stemmed from Eurocentric thinking, which placed Europe at the centre and portrayed it as a superior and civilized nation compared to others. This Eurocentrism led to a lack of understanding regarding the essence of Islam. It propagated the idea that European nations were the "ambassadors of civilization" and the saviours of less civilized peoples.


Item Type: Article
Email / ID Num.
Abd Rahman, Mohd Farhan
Abd Razak, Muhd Imran
Lokman, Md Azzaat Ahsanie
Mustafar, Mohd Zaid
Mohd Nason, Amir
Subjects: N Fine Arts > NA Architecture
N Fine Arts > NA Architecture > Study and teaching. Research
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Perak > Seri Iskandar Campus > Faculty of Art and Design
Journal or Publication Title: Idealogy Journal
UiTM Journal Collections: UiTM Journal > Idealogy Journal (IdJ)
ISSN: 2550-214X
Volume: 8
Number: 2
Page Range: pp. 104-112
Related URLs:
Keywords: Winstedt; Hinduism; Islam; Malaya; the Malays
Date: September 2023
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/86716
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