Determinants of human capital development: case of Malaysia / Shaliza Azreen Mohd Zulkifli ... [et al.]

Mohd Zulkifli, Shaliza Azreen and Zulkifli, Nur Mizatun Hasni and Muhamad Yusuf, Noor Hafizha and Eem, Chen Jen (2017) Determinants of human capital development: case of Malaysia / Shaliza Azreen Mohd Zulkifli ... [et al.]. e-Academia Journal, 6 (2). pp. 38-46. ISSN 2289 - 6589


As a developing country with upper-middle income status, Malaysia aspires to become high income status by 2020. Human capital utilization is vital for a country to achieve high income status. Even though development of human capital is one of the essential efforts that can give benefit toward individual, organization, economy and also country, Malaysia still needs to undertake structural changes in resolving longstanding problems like education. It is because education acts as a medium or foundation to human capital development. The need of high quality leaders to move forward and become more competitive nation does not only require talent but must be built continuously from within the education system. Structural changes which are revamping the education system would create challenges not only to the government but also learning institutions and most importantly the human capital. This study is undertaken to determine factors that affect human capital development in Malaysia. Using time series data which is from 1982 until 2014 that covers a period of 33 years, human capital development acts as a dependent variable while the independent variables are unemployment, education level, and foreign direct investment (FDI) and economic growth. The model of this study is tested through multivariate framework. It is found that education level has statistically significant relationship in determining human capital development.


Item Type: Article
Email / ID Num.
Mohd Zulkifli, Shaliza Azreen
Zulkifli, Nur Mizatun Hasni
Muhamad Yusuf, Noor Hafizha
Eem, Chen Jen
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HG Finance > Investment, capital formation, speculation > Foreign investments. Country risk
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Terengganu > Dungun Campus > Faculty of Business and Management
Journal or Publication Title: e-Academia Journal
UiTM Journal Collections: UiTM Journal > e-Academia Journal (e-AJ)
ISSN: 2289 - 6589
Volume: 6
Number: 2
Page Range: pp. 38-46
Keywords: Human Capital Development; Unemployment; Education; FDI; Economic Growth
Date: 2017
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