Comparative study on treatment of wastewater using various types of natural coagulant / Najwa Azis, Nor Ain Shakirah Abdullah and Nurul Izza Husin

Abdullah, Nor Ain Shakirah and Husin, Nurul Izza (2020) Comparative study on treatment of wastewater using various types of natural coagulant / Najwa Azis, Nor Ain Shakirah Abdullah and Nurul Izza Husin. In: UNSPECIFIED.


Demand of potable water keep increasing as the population growth. Water has been used in a variety of purposes such as in industries, daily activities and drinking. However, anthropogenic activities have degraded the quality of water and turbidity becomes a major concern in treating surface wastewater. Coagulation is a simple, effective and widely practiced wastewater treatment method. Chemical coagulant conventionally been used in treating turbid wastewater but it may pose adverse effect on human health and environment as well as producing voluminous toxic sludge. This review paper was conducted to determine the potential of natural coagulant to work as effective as chemical coagulant and analyse the coagulation parameter that effect the coagulation activity. A systematic literature review (SLR) which is SALSA method is used to identify, collect, synthesize and analyse data. A total of 10 plant-based coagulant and waste material are determined and demonstrated collectively in this review paper. FTIR spectrum result has verified that natural coagulant contains carboxyl and hydroxyl group which is the important properties in coagulating and flocculating. Turbidity removal efficiencies were verified to be remarkbly affected by solvent extractions, pH variations and coagulant dose. Most of fruit peels showed to effectively reduce turbidity using sodium hydroxide (NaOH) as solvent extraction and some of plant-based coagulant worked successfully using distilled water due to plant’s active component was water-soluble protein. İn this review, most of studied natural coagulants required low dosage to achieve high removal turbidity which was in the range of 0.03-1.0 g/L. Some coagulant can effectively work either in highly acidic or alkaline, also in both or neutral pH. Overall, plant-based coagulant and waste material can potentially behave as chemical coagulant in treating turbid wastewater.


Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Email / ID Num.
Abdullah, Nor Ain Shakirah
Husin, Nurul Izza
Email / ID Num.
Nasuha, Norhaslinda
Chief Editor
Isa, Norain
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Coagulants
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Pulau Pinang > Permatang Pauh Campus > Faculty of Chemical Engineering
Journal or Publication Title: 9th Virtual Science Invention Innovation Conference (SIIC) 2020
Page Range: pp. 55-57
Keywords: Natural Coagulant, Water Treatment, Turbidity Removal, Coagulation Parameter
Date: 2020
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