The thermal stability of the potassium metal catalyst supported by activated carbon / Nor Ain Natasya Aziz

Aziz, Nor Ain Natasya (2023) The thermal stability of the potassium metal catalyst supported by activated carbon / Nor Ain Natasya Aziz. [Student Project] (Submitted)


A material is thermally stable if a substance doesn’t break down when heated up. The thermal stability of a substance can be determined using a thermogravimetric analyser (TGA). Catalyst is a substance that initiates and increases a chemical reaction without changing the reaction itself. Due to high temperature, there is a limit to how many times the catalyst can be used before it become worn out or turn to ashes. This study focuses on determining the effects of temperature on the mass loss of carbonized oil palm kernel shell (OPKS) and the mass loss of potassium metal catalyst in ratio potassium to activated carbon of 1:1, 1:3 and 1:4. There are three steps involved in this study. The OPKS needs to undergo the preparation of the raw materials where the OPKS needs to be cleaned after being collected from the palm oil industry. Then, the OPKS will be put into the furnace for physical activation and turned into activated carbon. Lastly, the process was continued with the wet impregnation step for catalyst preparation and calcination process. The thermal stability test was run at temperature of 25℃ - 1000℃ from the TGA showed that 1:3 is the best ratio of K/AC catalyst with good thermal stability and lowest mass loss. Thus, the result concludes that the best catalyst can be used when dealing with fatty acid methyl ester transesterification.


Item Type: Student Project
Email / ID Num.
Aziz, Nor Ain Natasya
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Saadon, Norkamruzita
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > Physical and theoretical chemistry > Thermochemistry
Q Science > QD Chemistry > Analytical chemistry
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Terengganu > Dungun Campus > Faculty of Chemical Engineering
Programme: Diploma in Chemical Engineering
Keywords: Thermal stability, potassium metal catalyst, thermogravimetric analyser (TGA)
Date: 2023
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