Financial ratio analysis-determinant of profitability in Malaysia Pharmaceutical industry / Norsazliana Zainal Abidin

Zainal Abidin, Norsazliana (2016) Financial ratio analysis-determinant of profitability in Malaysia Pharmaceutical industry / Norsazliana Zainal Abidin. [Student Project] (Submitted)


Financial ratio analysis is a crucial one in determining profitability of a company since it directly affected by such decision. The study aims to examine the relationship between the financial ratio analysis and profitability of the Malaysia Pharmaceutical industry over the past 10 years period from 2005 to 2014. Four companies are selected include Apex Healthcare, Duopharma, Pharmaniaga Berhad and Kotra Pharma. Through this financial ratio analysis it helps the organizations in improving their company's revenue as well as minimization the cost. The researcher used five variables for the research which are Inventory Turnover (ITO), Total Asset Turnover (TATO), Account Receivable Turnover (ARTO), and Account Payable Turnover (APTO) as independent variables. For dependent variable Gross Profit Margin (GPM) is used to measure the profitability since there is none of the studies used gross profit margin with multi regression approach to determine the profitability Parveen, (2015). Secondary data were obtained from Data Stream and annual report of selected pharmaceutical companies. The data have been analysed by using descriptive statistical analysis and multiple linear regression model to find out the relationship between the variable. The result showed that there are negative relationship between inventory turnover ratio and account receivable turnover ratio with profitability of Malaysian pharmaceutical industry. It also revealed that total asset turnover ratio and account payable turnover ratio have no significant relationship with profitability. Thus, the researcher recommended to checking on its inventories by monitoring the management and for account receivable to review on their collecting process and policy to ensure efficient in their collecting of debt.


Item Type: Student Project
Email / ID Num.
Zainal Abidin, Norsazliana
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Abd Latib, Abdullah
Thesis advisor
Samsudin, Syamsul
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HG Finance > Financial management. Business finance. Corporation finance
H Social Sciences > HG Finance > Profits. Corporate profits
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Johor > Segamat Campus > Faculty of Business and Management
Programme: Bachelor of Business Administration (HONS) Finance
Keywords: Financial ratio; Profit
Date: 2016
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