An evaluation of low carbon cities framework (LCCF) implementation in a local authority: the case study of Subang Jaya municipal council / Siti Kartina Juhari

Juhari, Siti Kartina (2022) An evaluation of low carbon cities framework (LCCF) implementation in a local authority: the case study of Subang Jaya municipal council / Siti Kartina Juhari. PhD thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM).


Climate change is affecting the world. Our world is like an ice cream melting because of human activities produce the carbon footprint. Cities as a huge effect from yesterday, today and tomorrow became the environmental degradation. Sustainable development is about "cradle to the grave". Hence, the effort of the leaders to achieve the sustainable development is from New Urban Agenda (NUA), Sustainable Development Goals (SDG's) and local authorities. The implementation of Low Carbon Cities Framework (LCCF) covers four (4) main areas: Urban Environment, Urban Infrastructure, Urban Transportation and Buildings as guidance to local authorities. The LCCF Checklist is the minimum requirement which include the passing score in order to gauge whether a particular project is ready or not to commit in the development. The LCCF Checklist is applied in planning permission process to assess the effect to the communities' satisfaction achievement in the aspect of economy, environment and social towards sustainable development. This research aimed to explore the implementation of LCCF Checklist in the planning development control procedure. The case study is Subang Jaya Municipal Council. The scope and limitation in the implementation of LCCF are LCCF Checklist (LCCFC), planning development control procedure, readiness and community reception. The methodology applied was a mixed-method of qualitative and quantitative research. The qualitative research involved the experts survey from Local Authority (LA) officers and stakeholders via face-to-face interview. The quantitative research involved the community reception with 400 respondents examining the case study consisted of six (6) neighbourhood areas in Subang Jaya Municipal Council jurisdiction namely is BPK1.1: USJ-Sunway, BPK 1.2: USJ-Subang Jaya, BPK 3.1: Putra Heights, BPK 5.1: Bandar Puteri, BPK 5.2 Puchong Perdana and BPK 6.1: Taman Equine; by answering questionnaire survey forms. The analysis for qualitative data is by Atlas Ti. Meanwhile for analysis quantitative data by SPSS and PLS-SEM to identify relationship between the communities' satisfaction level in the implementation of LCCF Checklist. The findings showed that the implementation LCCF checklist in the local authority concerned is not ready and suggested for improvement strategies with communities' satisfaction. It is recommended for an action plan and strategies in implementation programme of LCCFC by local authority resulted from the validation in acceptance of the conceptual framework in achieving community satisfaction. The contribution of implementation LCCF Checklist must be reviewed and to continue with improvement that have been contribution to knowledge as a new approach with GIS based. It is recommended to be used as reference by other local authorities as quantum leap towards the sustainable development


Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Email / ID Num.
Juhari, Siti Kartina
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Omar, Dasimah
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > Municipal engineering
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > Environmental protection
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Surveying
Programme: Doctor of Philosophy (Built Environment)
Keywords: Carbon, climate change, LCCF
Date: 2022
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