Activated carbon evaluation on butane working capacity (BWC) for canister / Muhamad Fuad Ashaari and Zulkiflee Bidin

Ashaari, Muhamad Fuad and Bidin, Zulkiflee (2001) Activated carbon evaluation on butane working capacity (BWC) for canister / Muhamad Fuad Ashaari and Zulkiflee Bidin. [Student Project] (Unpublished)


Charcoal or carbon as it is often called is the most abundant element on earth. The most common forms of carbon are coal, coconut shell, wood, peat and lignite. The charcoal undergoes a process called Activation. This is achieved by firstly burning the shells as examples, in the absence of air and then placing the carbonized shells in a kiln full of steam at a temperature above 600° C for between 12-24 hours depend on the requirement that subject to change accordingly. The steam opens up the pores of the charcoal and thereby enlarges them. It is this process of activation that creates an enormous internal surface area, which makes the charcoal such an effective adsorbent. Activation enlarges the pores of the charcoal so much that a teaspoonful may have a surface area about the size of a football field. The two key objectives of these project efforts are to improve current carbon application as well as to develop new locally potential carbon resource. The activated carbon development process is enhanced by working closely with Chemical Engineering Department of UiTM, in order to design successful solutions for it's unique applications. Engineering support is provided to all areas, helping to ensure the most efficient and economical application of activated carbons in automotive sectors. In this project applications we are tested to identify the most effective product, needed to meet its specific requirements on canister activated carbon. Our comprehensive experiment establishment on Butane Working Capacity (BWC) will maximize results with minimum exposure on finding the best carbon application for canister on the future development. This process provides the valuable adsorption information while also measuring various carbons' performance. Activated carbon canister products are used in automotive evaporative emission control systems. This system will control hydrocarbon (HC) emissions, which contribute to the destruction of ozone layers on the earth. In this reports we are focusing on the carbon products specifically designed for gasoline vapor recovery, and can be a guidance to select the most appropriate activated carbon products with the proven physical properties and design flexibility needed to achieve optimum performance in their own canister systems.


Item Type: Student Project
Email / ID Num.
Ashaari, Muhamad Fuad
Bidin, Zulkiflee
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Ku Hamid, Ku Halim
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > Machine design and drawing
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Fuel
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Programme: Bachelor Engineering (Hons) Mechanical
Keywords: Charcoal, carbon, canister
Date: 2001
Edit Item
Edit Item


[thumbnail of 75063.pdf] Text

Download (222kB)

Digital Copy

Digital (fulltext) is available at:

Physical Copy

Physical status and holdings:
Item Status:
On Shelf

ID Number




Statistic details