Revision of regional flood frequency analysis and the development of design flood estimation software for peninsular Malaysia / Wardah tahir and Zaidah Ibrahim

Tahir, Wardah and Ibrahim, Zaidah (2001) Revision of regional flood frequency analysis and the development of design flood estimation software for peninsular Malaysia / Wardah tahir and Zaidah Ibrahim. [Research Reports] (Unpublished)


Reliable estimates of the magnitude and frequency of floods are essential for the economical planning and safe design of any hydraulic structure. If a hydraulic structure is under designed, the results could be a disaster; the dam may break, the highway may flood or the bridge may collapse. On the other hand, if the structure is over designed and hence very safe, the cost involved could be unreasonably expensive. The Drainage and Irrigation Department of Malaysia has published the manuals on the estimation of design flood in the form of Hydrological Procedures. These procedures were developed around 10 to 20 years ago using the hydrological data from about 8 to 36 years of record ( Pre- 1960 to 1980). Since flood estimation involves the application of probability and statistical analysis for time series of data, the accuracy of the estimation would be improved if longer record of data were used. The first part of the report discusses the revision of Regional Flood Frequency analysis using extended record of data ( 1960 up to 2000) and additional data from 45 more stations. In the revision, new values of flood peaks for different return periods are derived for each station by applying Gumbel probability analysis. This analysis would produce revised regional frequency curves and derive a new average median curve for each frequency region. The study also invents into a more objective way to read the curve, namely by using the equations of best fit. Next, revised MAF equations for ungauged catchments, relating mean annual flood with catchment characteristics, are developed by multiple regression techniques using SPSS software. The second part of the report looks into the development of design flood estimation software using Visual Basic programming language. The software will implement the three design flood estimation techniques used in Malaysia, namely the Regional Flood Frequency Analysis, Rational method and the Triangular Hydrograph method plus revised Regional Flood Frequency Analysis . It is expected that the Malaysian design flood would be better estimated in a more efficient way as a result of the project.


Item Type: Research Reports
Email / ID Num.
Tahir, Wardah
Ibrahim, Zaidah
Subjects: T Technology > TC Hydraulic engineering. Ocean engineering > River protective works. Regulation. Flood control
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Research Management Centre (RMC) > Institute of Research, Development and Commercialization (IRDC) > Bureau of Research and Consultancy
Keywords: Flood, magnitude, frequency
Date: 2001
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