Study the effect of pMMA-seeded substrate to the znO nanostructures / Noor Aadila Abd Aziz … [et al.]

Abd Aziz, Noor Aadila and Mohd Asib, Nur Amierah and Abdullah, Nurul Afaah and Khusaimi, Zuraida and Mahmood, Mohamad Rusop (2014) Study the effect of pMMA-seeded substrate to the znO nanostructures / Noor Aadila Abd Aziz … [et al.]. In: IIDEX 2014: invention, innovation & design exposition. Research Innovation Business Unit, Shah Alam, Selangor, p. 127. (Submitted)

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Nanostructures can be obtained from various techniques such as vapour deposition or growth from solution, electrodeposition, pulsed laser deposition, sputtering, sol-gel synthesis, spray pyrolysis, and also with the vapourliquid-solid method (at certain conditions). Zinc oxide (ZnO) has been recognized as metal oxide semiconductor with a wide direct band gap (3.37 eV) and large exciton binding energy (60 meV)]. Large exciton binding energy show the excitons in ZnO are thermally stable at room temperature which is important advantage in ultraviolet (UV) light-emitting devices, lasers and transparent conducting film. Recently, ZnO have been synthesized by a variety of methods such sol-gel spin coating, laser molecular beam epitaxy, hydrothermal, solid-state reaction, radio frequency sputtering and metal organic CVD. ZnO thin films is very attractive with promising application in solar cells, gas sensors, transducers, luminescent material, transparent conductors, heat mirrors, and semiconductor heterojunctions. The interest in polymer material has grown continuously in the last two decades. The usage of polymers is increasing day-by-day owing to their higher strength to weight ratio, lower cost, ease of moulding and lightness [1]. Several of methods for preparation of polymer thin films have been developed. Poly (methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) has been known as an optically clear amorphous thermoplastic and widely used as a substitute for inorganic glass. This is due to their characteristics which is higher impact strength and undergoes ductile rather than brittle fracture. Furthermore, PMMA is a common coating material and known as transparent, stiff materials and hard due to excellent ultraviolet stability, outstanding outdoor weathering properties and low water absorption. Introduction of inorganic particles into organic polymers currently are of great interest where organic-inorganic composites offer an effective way to improve the physical properties of conservative polymers. For example mechanical properties, thermal stability, flame retardancy, electrical properties, and chemical reagent resistant. These properties make it ideal for various applications such airplane windshields, skylights, lenses and outdoor signs. ZnO is well recognized for its excellent UV absorption as reported by Z. C. Orel. UV absorbers are organic or inorganic compounds which absorb all UV light (λ400 nm). By introducing nanosized ZnO into PMMA polymer mainly focuses on improving the mechanical properties of PMMA polymer which acting as multifunction materials in UV shielding, antibacterial or bactericides. Besides that, semiconductor nanocrystal such TiO2, ZnO and ZnS can be introduced into PMMA matrix, which could be applied in transparent UV-protective coatings or UV-shielding windows. This is due to the characteristics of PMMA polymer which does not filter ultra-violet (UV) light. Polymer-inorganic has been considered to be novel and fast-growing class of materials, which have properties of both inorganic nanoparticles and polymers. Incorporation of inorganic nanoparticles can probably improve the performance of polymer matrix in terms of mechanic, thermal, optical and electrical properties. Therefore, the simplicity of the fabrication between this incorporation of the materials might be considered as a excellent candidates for UV-shielding applications. ZnO nanostructures on PMMA polymer seeded-substrate were successfully prepared by using solution-immersion and spin-coating method. In this study, PMMA polymer was deposited on glass substrate by using spin-coating technique. Spin-coating is a technique broadly used in polymers coating and depositing thin polymer layers on solid substrates. To obtain desired coating with less of thickness, dilute solutions of polymer is used. Layers of PMMA polymer on substrate was varied into 1, 3, 5 and 7. Then, all the substrates was subsequently immersed in ZnO solution for 4 hours. Finally, surface morphology of the samples was characterized by using Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FESEM) and UV-Vis characterization. The samples were also characterized by using EDAX analysis.


Item Type: Book Section
Email / ID Num.
Abd Aziz, Noor Aadila
Mohd Asib, Nur Amierah
Abdullah, Nurul Afaah
Khusaimi, Zuraida
Mahmood, Mohamad Rusop
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Chemical engineering
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Chemicals
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Carbon, Activated
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Chemicals > Oxygen. Ozone
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Research Management Centre (RMC)
Event Title: IIDEX 2014: invention, innovation & design exposition
Event Dates: 27 - 30 April 2014
Page Range: p. 127
Keywords: Nanostructures; Polymers; Polymer matrix
Date: 2014
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