Electrical, magnetic and microwave absorption properties of Fe substituted La0.85Ag0.15Mn1-xFexO3 (x=0, 0.05, 0.10, 0.15 and 0.20) monovalent doped manganites / Nur Ain Athirah Che Apandi

Che Apandi, Nur Ain Athirah (2022) Electrical, magnetic and microwave absorption properties of Fe substituted La0.85Ag0.15Mn1-xFexO3 (x=0, 0.05, 0.10, 0.15 and 0.20) monovalent doped manganites / Nur Ain Athirah Che Apandi. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM).


La0.85Ag0.15Mn1-xFexO3 (x=0, 0.05, 0.10, 0.15 and 0.20) monovalent-based manganites, were prepared using conventional solid-state method to investigate the effect of Iron (Fe) substitution on the electrical, magnetic and microwave absorption properties. The phase identification were investigated using X-ray diffraction (XRD) pattern, showed all samples are single phase rhombohedral crystal structure. From temperature dependence resistivity curves, it was found that the Fe substitution increased the resistivity in the temperature region of 30 310 K and decrease in metal-insulator transition temperature, TMI from 239.93 K to 67.97 K for x=0 0.10 while for x=0.15 and 0.20, the samples exhibit insulating behavior for the whole temperature region. The decreased in TMI indicates weakening of double exchange mechanism due to reduction of Mn3+/Mn4+ ratio as Mn3+ concentration decreased as a result of substitution. From real part of susceptibiltiy,’ vs temperature curves, ferromagnetic-paramagnetic transition temperature, Tc was found to be decreased from 299.06 K (x=0) to 141.85 K (x=0.20) indicates Fe substitution weakened ferromagnetic interactions between Mn ions. Fe substitution is suggested to increase the scattering effects in metallic region as electron-electron and electron-magnon scattering parameters increased with Fe concentration of x=0, 0.05 and 0.10. While in the insulating region, the substitution enhances electron-phonon coupling as activation energy, Ea and hopping energy, Eh increased with Fe concentration from 101.55 meV (x=0) to 161.07 meV (x=0.20) and 40.97 meV (x=0) to 139.38 meV (x=0.20), respectively. Microwave absorption performance which implies by value of reflection loss, RL measurements in the frequency range of 8 GHz to 18 GHz showed the highest reflection loss for x = 0 sample where value of reflection loss of 57.2 dB at 16.41 GHz with a bandwidth of 2.67 GHz corresponding to reflection loss below 10 dB was observed. However, with the increasing of Fe concentration, the RL values decreases from 29.5 dB (x=0.05), 9.8 dB (x=0.10), and 6.8 dB (x=0.15) and increase to 13.8 dB (x=0.20) at frequency 16.35 GHz, 14.79 GHz, 14.40 GHz and 16.26 GHz, respectively. It is also found that frequency of the RL peaks match the location of impedance matching, Zin/Zo minimum for each sample which in turn is influenced by the changes in sample’s resistivity due to Fe doping. The observed nearly constant of eddy current coefficient, Co value in Co vs frequency curves indicates that eddy current loss is important contributor factor for the magnetic loss mechanism for most samples in the range of matching frequency. On the other hand, measurements of imaginary part of permittivity, ɛʺ accompanied by enhanced tan δe with Fe content indicates Fe doping enhancing the dielectric loss component and contributes to microwave absorption in the samples. It is suggested that good microwave absorption performance for x=0 sample dominantly influence by its weak ferromagnetic properties. While for Fe-substituted samples, it is suggested that the large number of localized charge carrier contribute to enhancement of dielectric loss mechanisms consists of conduction loss. The observed strong absorption, coupled with wide band performance suggests the possibility of using these manganites as a new material in the design of microwave absorbers.


Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Email / ID Num.
Che Apandi, Nur Ain Athirah
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Ibrahim, Norazila
Thesis advisor
Awang, Zaiki
Thesis advisor
Azis, Raba'ah Syahidah
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics > Atomic physics. Constitution and properties of matter
Q Science > QD Chemistry > Physical and theoretical chemistry
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Programme: Master of Science (Physics)
Keywords: Electrical, magnetic and microwave absorption properties, X-ray diffraction (XRD), rhombohedral crystal structure
Date: 2022
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/72940
Edit Item
Edit Item


[thumbnail of 72940.pdf] Text

Download (526kB)

Digital Copy

Digital (fulltext) is available at:

Physical Copy

Physical status and holdings:
Item Status:

ID Number




Statistic details