Diet quality and weight status of adult women at Tuba Island, Langkawi, Malaysia / Nazrul Hadi Ismail ... [et al.]

Ismail, Nazrul Hadi and Khairi, Nur ‘Ainaa Farhana and Abd Hamid, Syahrul Bariah and Kamarul Zaman, Mazuin and Ahmad Shuhaimi, Farhanah (2022) Diet quality and weight status of adult women at Tuba Island, Langkawi, Malaysia / Nazrul Hadi Ismail ... [et al.]. Healthscope, 5 (2). pp. 13-18. ISSN 2735-0649


The prevalence of overweight and obesity in rural regions is high due to low income and limited access to nutritious foods. It is contributed by the geographical factor, which limits access to the availability of nutritious foods. Thus, this study aimed to determine the prevalence of weight status, diet quality, and its association among adult women in Tuba Island. This cross-sectional study was administered thru a structured questionnaire consisting of sociodemographic characteristics, 24-hour diet recall, and the Malaysian Healthy Eating Index (HEI). Weight and height were measured. HEI was used to identify the level of diet quality in the population. A total of 114 respondents aged between 18 to 45 years old were involved. 43% (n=49) and 26.3% (n=30) of them were overweight and obese respectively. While 28.1% (n=32) had normal weight status. The mean score of HEI was 42.44 ± 7.49, indicating poor diet quality. Further investigation showed they had poor compliance to meet dietary guidelines for vegetables, fruits, legumes, and milk and milk products. Nonetheless, diet quality was not associated with weight status in this population. The present study showed that more than half of the adult women at Tuba Island were overweight and obese, and their diet quality was poor.


Item Type: Article
Email / ID Num.
Ismail, Nazrul Hadi
Khairi, Nur ‘Ainaa Farhana
Abd Hamid, Syahrul Bariah
Kamarul Zaman, Mazuin
Ahmad Shuhaimi, Farhanah
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman > Women. Feminism
R Medicine > RC Internal Medicine > Specialties of internal medicine > Metabolic diseases > Obesity
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology > Diet therapy. Dietary cookbooks
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor > Puncak Alam Campus > Faculty of Health Sciences
Journal or Publication Title: Healthscope
UiTM Journal Collections: Others > Healthscope
ISSN: 2735-0649
Volume: 5
Number: 2
Page Range: pp. 13-18
Keywords: Diet quality, weight status, adult women, rural, healthy eating index (HEI)
Date: November 2022
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