Mechanical and conductive properties of silicone filled graphene electrically conductive adhesive [ECA] / Nurin Aishah Ahmad Omar

Ahmad Omar, Nurin Aishah (2022) Mechanical and conductive properties of silicone filled graphene electrically conductive adhesive [ECA] / Nurin Aishah Ahmad Omar. Degree thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Perlis.


The aim is to synthesize a silicone-based graphene electrically conductive adhesive (ECA). Silicone ECA incorporated with graphene as filler, may exhibit mechanical and electrical properties different than other types of ECA. Hence, the objective of the study is to investigate the mechanical and conductive properties of various graphene loading (0%, 3%, 5%, 7%, and 9%) filled silicone. Addition of polyethylene glycol (PEG-600) to graphene for mechanical properties improvement with different loading percentage was done using ultrasonication and magnetic stirring. The curing process was done by oven heating at 100°C for 4 hours. Characterization was done using tensile test and FTIR, while for the electrical properties were done using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and Tafel plot. For EIS, Nyquist plot was used to determine the conductivity of the samples with result of optimum value at 9% (4.87x10-06 S/cm). It was found that the conductivity is dependent on the graphene loading percentage due to its inherent electrical conductivity properties which then resulted in high polarization resistance (10.9690x109 Ω at 9% GNP) when tested using Tafel plot. The electron in graphene has a long mean free route, producing a continuous channel that facilitates free electron movement for electrical conduction without interfering with electron-electron interaction or disorder. As a result of the electrolyte's susceptibility to be drawn to the composite and oxidised, the adhesive has a longer shelf life. With an optimum value obtained was at 7%, the tensile strength obtained was 0.305 MPa and the Young’s modulus was 146.523 MPa, before the value decreases as graphene loading increased due to the inherent properties of graphene that have a strong covalent bond between its carbon atoms. When the material's surface contact rises, the chain mobility of silicone-filled GNP decreases, which can also improve the composite's stiffness. The FTIR testing was done to confirm the presence and dispersion of graphene in the silicone and PEG-600. The emergence of -OH, CH, C=C, and C=O functional groups proves that the graphene was successfully introduced into the polymer with the -OH peak migrated to a higher strength at optimum value.


Item Type: Thesis (Degree)
Email / ID Num.
Ahmad Omar, Nurin Aishah
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Ahmad, Zuliahani
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > Inorganic chemistry > Carbon disulfide. Graphene. Carbon
Q Science > QD Chemistry > Physical and theoretical chemistry > Electrochemistry. Electrolysis
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Perlis > Arau Campus > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Programme: Bachelor of Science (Hons.) Applied Chemistry
Keywords: Mechanical, conductive properties, silicone filled graphene electrically conductive adhesive [ECA]
Date: 2022
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