Self-reported prevalence of recurrent aphthous stomatitis among UiTM dental students / Wan Nur Hazirah Wan Ahmad Kamil ... [et al.]

Wan Ahmad Kamil, Wan Nur Hazirah and Amirham, Ilmi Qayyim and Omar, Muhammad Aniq Hakim and Zainal, Mukarramah (2022) Self-reported prevalence of recurrent aphthous stomatitis among UiTM dental students / Wan Nur Hazirah Wan Ahmad Kamil ... [et al.]. Compendium of Oral Science (CORALS), 9 (2). pp. 54-62. ISSN 2489-1102; 2637-0611


Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is a common mucosal disease characterized by multiple recurrent, small, round, or oval ulcers with circumscribed margins, erythematous haloes, and yellow grey base. Although the exact etiology is unknown, various factors can trigger RAS development. Objectives: This study aims to determine the prevalence of self-reported RAS and to evaluate the associated risk factors of RAS among dental students. Material and methods: A set of validated questionnaires was distributed among the dental students in the Faculty of Dentistry, UiTM. The questionnaire comprises socio-demographic characteristics, nature of ulcers, risk factors, and treatment modalities. Data obtained from the questionnaire were analyzed using Chisquare statistical test SPSS version 27. Results: A total of 299 dental students participated in the questionnaire survey. The prevalence of RAS among dental students was 90.3 %. There was no significant relationship between the socio-demographic background of participants with self-reported RAS. The most common site affected was the buccal mucosa 64.1%, followed by the lips 55.2%. Risk factors frequently associated with RAS are injury (trauma) and stress 47.8% and 28.1%, respectively. Most dental students (69.3%) do not get any treatment to treat their ulcers, and only 1.5% seek treatment from the dentist. Conclusions: This study highlights the high prevalence of self-reported RAS among dental students and common risk factors reported associated with the occurrence of RAS. Therefore, this data assists the clinician in identifying common associated risk factors of RAS and subsequently improve management and efficient therapeutics.


Item Type: Article
Email / ID Num.
Wan Ahmad Kamil, Wan Nur Hazirah
Amirham, Ilmi Qayyim
Omar, Muhammad Aniq Hakim
Zainal, Mukarramah
Subjects: R Medicine > RK Dentistry > Oral and dental medicine. Pathology. Diseases
R Medicine > RK Dentistry > Preventive dentistry > Dental health education
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor > Sungai Buloh Campus > Faculty of Dentistry
Journal or Publication Title: Compendium of Oral Science (CORALS)
UiTM Journal Collections: UiTM Journal > Compendium of Oral Science (CORALS)
ISSN: 2489-1102; 2637-0611
Volume: 9
Number: 2
Page Range: pp. 54-62
Keywords: Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis, prevalence, dental students, oral ulcer, risk factor
Date: 2022
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