Development of mathematical thinking test: content validity process / Nurul Akmal Md Nasir ... [et al.]

Md Nasir, Nurul Akmal and Singh, Parmjit and Narayanan, Geethanjali and Mohd Habali, Aisyah Hani and Rasid, Nor Syazwani (2022) Development of mathematical thinking test: content validity process / Nurul Akmal Md Nasir ... [et al.]. ESTEEM Journal Of Social Sciences And Humanities, 6 (2). pp. 18-29. ISSN 2600 7274

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Validity is the extent to which an instrument measures what it is to measure. The instrument's validity is assessed by confirming the instrument's capability to measure the intended measurement. Content validity, face validity, construct validity, and criterion validity are the four forms of validity that are often discussed. Content validity is the degree to which a measurement tool reflects the measured content, which will justify the tool's validity. The importance of content validity in the instrument has made it an essential step in instrument development. Content validity is a vital criterion in designing and ensuring instrument development's success. Since content validity is essential in ensuring overall validity, content validation should be carried out in a structured manner based on evidence and best practice. This paper outlines a methodical strategy and a detailed content validation process for developing a mathematical thinking test. Seven evaluators were selected to review two sets of the mathematical thinking test. Three content validity measurements are applied to assess the items' validity in the tests: content validity index (CVI), kappa statistic and content validity ratio (CVR). Based on the results, the item content validity index (I-CVI) ranged from 0.857 to 1, and the scale content validity index (S-CVI/Ave) was 0.957. The Kappa statistics were also excellent since items ranged from 0.849 to 1.000. Content validity ratio (CVR) scores revealed that all items are the utmost critical by the content experts. Findings of the content validity study showed that all items in both mathematical thinking tests were deemed appropriate for assessing students’ mathematical thinking


Item Type: Article
Email / ID Num.
Md Nasir, Nurul Akmal
Singh, Parmjit
Narayanan, Geethanjali
Mohd Habali, Aisyah Hani
Rasid, Nor Syazwani
Email / ID Num.
Razali, Ahmad Rashidy
Chief Editor
Ngelambong, Anderson
Che Ahmat, Nur’Hidayah
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General) > Research
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General) > Research > Quantitative research
Q Science > QA Mathematics
Q Science > QA Mathematics > Problems, exercises, etc.
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Pulau Pinang > Permatang Pauh Campus
Journal or Publication Title: ESTEEM Journal Of Social Sciences And Humanities
UiTM Journal Collections: UiTM Journal > ESTEEM Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (EJSSH)
ISSN: 2600 7274
Volume: 6
Number: 2
Page Range: pp. 18-29
Keywords: Content validity, Content validation, Content validity index, Content validity ratio, Mathematical thinking test
Date: September 2022
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