A legal study on the appointment, powers and duties of wasi: with special reference to administration of Muslims’ estate in Malaysia / Siti Asishah Hassan

Hassan, Siti Asishah (2022) A legal study on the appointment, powers and duties of wasi: with special reference to administration of Muslims’ estate in Malaysia / Siti Asishah Hassan. PhD thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM).


“When there is a will there is a way”, this proverb connotes that if someone has the determination to do something, he will find a way to achieve it regardless of barriers or obstructions. This phrase can also be construed impliedly on the importance of making a will with the condition that it should be supported with the appointment of a wasi or an executor. In Islamic estate management, the appointment of a wasi could be considered as significant because he is responsible for distributing the estate according to the testator’s wishes and faraid laws. In addition, the appointment of a wasi may expedite the process of administration of property and could avoid disputes among the family members of the deceased. In Malaysia, the Rules of Court 2012 does not include the estate of a Muslim dying leaving a will because it does not come within the scope of the Wills Act 1959. However, the existence of a will with the appointment of a wasi is valid for the application of a grant of Probate although it is in fact a Muslim will. In addition, there are no express provisions governing common law duties and the obligations of a wasi, and meanwhile the court still refers to duties laid down in the English law in deciding any disputes brought before them. This research is based on a qualitative study and the approach to be applied is a content analysis methodology which is based on the analysis of the governing statutes, reported cases, interviews conducted with selected individuals and administrative bodies. In pursuant thereto, the research analyses legal issues on the appointment, powers and duties of the wasi under Malaysian law and the problems of wasi in managing Muslims’ estates in Malaysia. This research finds that there is a need for improvements on the existing laws and practices due to certain legal constraints, deficiency of laws and administrative issues. The research suggests that there should be certain amendments to the statutory provisions under both federal and state laws. Moreover, the research provides some avenues for improvement, including court, institutional and individual level. It is hoped that the study can contribute to the improvement of the appointment, powers and duties of a wasi, particularly in the administration of Muslims’ estates.


Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
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Hassan, Siti Asishah
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Thesis advisor
Abdul Rashid, Rusnadewi
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HG Finance > Trust services. Trust companies > Administration of estates
K Law > KBP Islamic law. Sharī'ah. Fiqh > Land tenure (Islamic law)
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Law
Programme: Doctor of Philosophy (Law)
Keywords: Wasi, administration of estate, Islamic law
Date: 2022
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/66994
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