Identification of unutilized energy in UiTM buildings and proposal of control system for energy optimization / Kamarul Ridzuan Abdul Khalid

Abdul Khalid, Kamarul Ridzuan (2002) Identification of unutilized energy in UiTM buildings and proposal of control system for energy optimization / Kamarul Ridzuan Abdul Khalid. Degree thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM).


Energy auditing is a process which is very much central to the work of an Energy Management. There are numbers of ways looking at an Energy Audit. In general sense an Energy audit is a study of energy use and the preparation of a report showing ways in which energy usage can be reduced. As electricity is easy to use, it is also easy to waste. Wasteful practices and poor maintenance of equipment have often been cited as the cause of whopping energy costs. Air-conditioning and lighting consumes the most energy usage. Therefore, energy management has been an important role to conduce organization saving energy for their short time survival and long time success. This thesis has described about the energy use, costs, technologies, the way people use energy, and recognizing opportunities to improves Energy Conservation Measures (ECM). The purpose of this thesis is also to implement an effective energy control system in order to achieve an optimal energy efficiency can be obtain. This thesis also analyzes the current situation of energy consumption at UiTM buildings and determines whether a new energy management program needs to be developed. Hence from the study carried out, it is found that air-conditioning and lighting consumes the most unutilized load during overnight period at the Budisiswa (HEP) Building. Therefore the implementation of energy control system; Carbon Dioxide Sensor at Air Cooled Package Unit (ACPU) to control outdoor air intake for ventilation purposes is significantly reduce energy usage and save costs. It is observed that energy management is important because operation cost can be minimized and energy usage is optimized. Lastly, through identification and implementation of Energy Saving Measures (ESM), energy consumption in UiTM building can be reduced.


Item Type: Thesis (Degree)
Email / ID Num.
Abdul Khalid, Kamarul Ridzuan
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Omar, Abdul Rahman
Subjects: L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > School architecture and equipment. School physical facilities. Campus planning > University and college physical facilities. Campus planning
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > Energy conservation
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Programme: Bachelor Engineering (Hons) (Mechanical)
Keywords: Energy usage, energy control system, reduced unutilized energy
Date: 2002
Edit Item
Edit Item


[thumbnail of 65629.pdf] Text

Download (153kB)

Digital Copy

Digital (fulltext) is available at:

Physical Copy

Physical status and holdings:
Item Status:
On Shelf

ID Number




Statistic details