Slope safety factor mapping using drone based multispectral sensor / Mohammad Husni Sulaiman

Sulaiman, Mohammad Husni (2022) Slope safety factor mapping using drone based multispectral sensor / Mohammad Husni Sulaiman. Degree thesis, Universiti Teknologi Mara Perlis.


Slope stability analysis is performed to reduce the chances to become slope failure or landslide. Thus, slope stability analysis can be interpreted in context of safety factor where the degree of slope failure risk can be determined. The aim of this project is to calculate safety factor of slope. There are two objectives of this research which are; the first one is to compute factor of safety using selected spectral band from drone image and the second one is to produce safety of factor map. There are three datasets has been used in this project which is RGB, NIR and Thermal image. The image was given from Dr. Wahid bin Rasib in format of single picture. Then the data was processed in Agisoft software to produce orthophoto image. Because of no coordinate for NIR and RGB dataset, georeferencing in GIS software was used to set up the projection for the images. Combination of RGB and NIR image by using raster calculator tools in ArcGis was done in to produce NDVI and SAVI. Moreover, thermal image was used to derive several parameters by using algorithm from Omar, (2010) and Rahardjo et al. (1995) The parameter are soil moisture, soil mechanics properties and gravimetric water content. All those parameters will be calculated using infinite slope stability model to produce slope factor of safety map. As result, the value of factor safety in the study area is between -1.73 to 1.27 with mean of 0.82 respectively. The indicator for factor of safety is if the value <1 the slope is stable, 1, slope is between stable and unstable and 1> slope is unstable. The map factor of safety shows that 95 percent area is stable 4 percent merely stable and 1 percent is unstable. Nevertheless, comparison between NDVI and SAVI parameter with factor of safety show that those two parameters also affect slope stability.


Item Type: Thesis (Degree)
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Sulaiman, Mohammad Husni
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General) > Aerial geography
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GB Physical geography > Slopes (Physical geography)
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Perlis > Arau Campus > Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Surveying
Programme: Surveying Science and Geomatics
Keywords: Slope Safety ; Factor ; Mapping ; Drone Based ; Multispectral Sensor
Date: 12 August 2022
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