Segmenting microcalcification in fullfield digital mammogram using seed-based region growing and mathematical morphology / Aminah Abdul Malek

Abdul Malek, Aminah (2012) Segmenting microcalcification in fullfield digital mammogram using seed-based region growing and mathematical morphology / Aminah Abdul Malek. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM).


Nowadays screening mammography is widely recognized as the only imaging modality that is useful for the early detection of breast abnormalities. This is due to the fact that mammography is able to detect abnormality (microcalcifications) in the breast two years ahead before the abnormalities become palpable. In order to detect these microcalcifications successfully, a good segmentation technique is required. Seed-Based Region Growing (SBRG) has been widely used as segmentation method for medical images. The first process in SBRG is to identify an initial seed point. Most of the SBRG methods identify the seed point manually which involve human interaction. In this study, the SBRG method is enhanced using Mathematical Morphology (MM) technique. Morphology involves a theory for the analysis of shape and spatial structures. The roles of MM are used in developing an automated initial seed point and for post processing to obtain a smooth shape and boundary of microcalcifications. These methods are tested on 50 region of interest (ROI) images confirmed by a radiologist to consist microcalcifications. The results were compared with manual seed point selection. The performance is evaluated using Receiving Operator Curve (ROC) based on level of detection and classification. Experimental results show that the level of detection and classification for automated seed point are 0.98 and 0.94, respectively. On the other hand, the level of detection and classification for manual seed point are both 0.93. Since the values for automated seed point are closer to 1 as compared to the values of manual seed point, it can be said that the use of automated seed point is better than manual seed point. Consequently, this implies that the automated seed point has successfully segmented the microcalcifications.


Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Email / ID Num.
Abdul Malek, Aminah
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Wan Abdul Rahman, Wan Eny Zarina
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General) > Medical education. Medical schools. Research
R Medicine > RG Gynecology and obstetrics > Diseases of the breast
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences
Programme: Master of Science
Keywords: Breast cancer, breast anatomy, screening mammography
Date: 2012
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