Coastal morphology impact on the erosion and accretion area using elevation data / Nik Amir Ashraf Nik Azmi

Nik Azmi, Nik Amir Ashraf (2022) Coastal morphology impact on the erosion and accretion area using elevation data / Nik Amir Ashraf Nik Azmi. Degree thesis, Universiti Teknologi Mara Perlis.


The dynamical equilibrium of littoral environment that interchanging the phenomena of accretion and erosion of the shoreline is associated to the natural and anthropogenic influences. The Kuala Terengganu coastal area, which consists of human settlements, education institution, tourism attraction and economic development also face the impact of erosion that cause disturbance on the state development growth. This study is conducted to determine the impact of coastal morphology on the erosion and accretion of Kuala Terengganu shoreline using elevation data from the static and real-time kinematic GPS (RTK-GPS) survey methods. The main processing involve the comparison of morphological data between the in situ and archive i.e. temperature, wave height, wind velocity and sedimentation structure, the elevation data from static and RTK method, and the rate of erosion and accretion which was extracted using SPOT-5 satellite data and aerial photograph. It was found that the temperature produced more impact to the coastal changes, compared to other morphological factors. The erosion rate is higher towards the northern part of Terengganu coastal area in 2018 (2072.79 m2) within 5 years, compared to 2014 (721.5 m2). Lastly, the impact of erosion rate causes the variety of coastal elevation along the shoreline, where the higher slope angle occurs at the coastal area which has the highest erosion rate in both 2014 and 2018.


Item Type: Thesis (Degree)
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Nik Azmi, Nik Amir Ashraf
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General) > Aerial geography
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GB Physical geography > Geomorphology. Landforms. Terrain > Coast changes
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Perlis > Arau Campus > Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Surveying
Programme: Surveying Science and Geomatics
Keywords: Coastal Morphology Impact ; Erosion And Accretion Area ; Elevation Data
Date: 7 June 2022
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