Investigation of surface water acidification at Semenyih dam water resource area / Annur Aiman Baharudin

Baharudin, Annur Aiman (2008) Investigation of surface water acidification at Semenyih dam water resource area / Annur Aiman Baharudin. [Student Project] (Unpublished)


A study was done to analyze the state of acidification of surface water at Semenyih
Dam. This study was conducted for one month on July 2008. The analyzing involves
eight sampling locations. Four at entrance points of the following river (Semenyih,
Kesuma, Lanjut and Rephen) and four at the middle of the Semenyih Dam. The water
samples were analyzed both in-situ and in the lab for the following parameter which
are (temperature, electrical conductivity and pH). Measurement for alkalinity was
done in the lab. The cations and anions in sample are measured by Ion
Chromatograph. From the results, it was found that the average of concentration of
ions from sampling are HCO3
- > Na+
> Ca2+ > SO4
2- > K+
> Cl- > NO3
> Mg2+ > F- >
> Br-
. Semenyih Dam also has average pH values which are from 7.51 to 7.64.
This average can be classified as neutral and normal for freshwater. Alkalinity
readings were from 21.42 mg/L to 134.66mg/L. Alkalinity which is indicates
presence of HCO3
. HCO3
- ions act as buffers, which are important because it slow the
rate at which the pH changes. It is also was the important component of pH balance in
water. Meanwhile, the average temperature values are around 290
C and the value of
acid neutralizing capacity (ANC) is high due to the excess amount of base cations
compared to amounts of anions. The result also shows that electrical conductivity
value is more than 25 µS/cm. The high value of alkalinity and ANC indicate the high
buffering capacity of the dam. Therefore, the Semenyih Dam is currently classified as
insensitive to acidification due to the value of pH, alkalinity and ANC.


Item Type: Student Project
Email / ID Num.
Baharudin, Annur Aiman
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Keywords: Surface water, acidification, lake water, Acid Neutralizing Capacity, ANC, Semenyih Dam
Date: 2008
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