Synthesis and characterization of chitosan alginate hydrogel complexes by using novel ionic gelators / Nur Syairah Muhamad Rahim

Muhamad Rahim, Nur Syairah (2021) Synthesis and characterization of chitosan alginate hydrogel complexes by using novel ionic gelators / Nur Syairah Muhamad Rahim. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.


This research is about the synthesis of a newly identified ionic gelator, i.e., calcium tripolyphosphate (CAT), and the preparation of a hybrid compound of chitosan/alginate hydrogel complexes using CAT and a commercially available ionic gelator, calcium pyrophosphate (CAP). Two different CAT and CAP concentrations were prepared, denoted as CAT1, CAT2, CAP1, and CAP2, resulting in a 0.05 M solution of both ionic gelators. CAT was characterised using inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES), and the prepared hydrogel complexes were characterised using differential scanning calorimeter (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR), X- ray powder diffraction (XRD), and field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM). The degradation temperature of the prepared hydrogel complexes is 288 °C, while the degradation temperature of pure chitosan is 293 °C and pure alginate is 235 °C. The FTIR analysis indicated protonated amine groups of chitosan, which reacted with the carboxylate groups of alginate. The absorption bands of the amino groups and amide bonds were identified and attributed to an ionic interaction between the carbonyl group of alginate and the amide group of chitosan, resulting in the hydrogel complexes. The DSC measurements further confirmed the interactions between chitosan and alginate. The Tm of the hydrogels of chitosan alginate is 124–140 °C, with CAT1 having the lowest Tm of 124 °C and CAT2 with the highest Tm, i.e., 140 °C. Microscopic images of the prepared hydrogel showed a rough surface compared to the images of individual chitosan and alginate compounds. Meanwhile, the XRD results proved that the chitosan alginate hydrogel prepared has a more amorphous nature than the pure chitosan alginate component, suitable for the adsorption process.


Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Email / ID Num.
Muhamad Rahim, Nur Syairah
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Mohd, Ahmad Faiza (Dr.)
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history - Biology > Bioactive compounds
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Programme: Master of Science ( Polymer Science and Technology)
Keywords: Chitosan; alginate; hydrogel
Date: May 2021
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